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‘Uloom Al-Qur’aan – Introduction

18 Apr

‘Uloom-ul-Qur’aan’

The scholars have said that the greatest topic to study is the book of Allaah and thereafter, the principles of the book of Allaah

LINGUISTIC DEFINITION:

The linguistic definition of the Qur’aan is ‘THE RECITATION [this is the strongest opinion]. The Qur’aan is the most recited book on the face of the earth.

SHAR’EE DEFINITION:                                                                    

The Qur’aan is the arabic speech of Allaah, which was revealed to the prophet Muhammad SAW via the angel Jibreel AS, which has been preserved in the Masahif (Mushafs), starting with Surah Al-Fatihah and ending with Surah An-Naas and is a challenge to mankind to produce anything similar to it.

 NAMES OF THE QUR’AAN:

  • The Qur’aan (17:88)
  • The Kitaab (Book) (2: 1-2)
  • Furqaan (Criterion) (25:1)
  • The Dhikr (Remembrance) (43:33)
  • Tanzeel (Revelation) (26:192)

The above are just some of the names the Qur’aan is referred by, the scholars have come up with many other names that can be referred to as the Qur’aan. For instance, Imaam as Zarkashee lists more than 55 names of the Qu’raan.

THE BENEFITS OF LEARNING THE QUR’AAN & ITS STATUS

Ibn Mas’ood said ‘Whoever has nothing of the Qur’aan in his heart is like a house which has been destroyed’ [Tirmidhi]*. What use is a house which has been destroyed? It is not worth anything.

The hadeeth of A’ishah in Abu Dawood reports that the Prophet SAW said ‘The person who reads the Qur’aan fluently is with the honourable and obedient scribes (The angels) and he who reads it with difficulty, shall get double the reward. Such is the emphasis placed upon reciting the Qur’aan. It will be a means of intercession for a person on the Day of Qiyamah as proven by the hadeeth of Ibn Mas’ood (In Tabaranee) who reports that the prophet SAW said ‘The Qur’aan is an intercessor and an intercession that is accepted, and a maahil, and a credible book. Whoever puts it ahead of him, it will lead him to paradise, and whoever throws it behind him, it will drag him into hell’. Ibn Mas’ood said that the word ‘Maahil’ refers to something that is consistent in its intercession. Such is the power of the Qur’aan. However, the Qur’aan can also be against a person as proven by a hadeeth from Abu Maalik Al-Ash’aree in Sahih Muslim.

The prophet SAW said in a hadeeth reported by Abu Musa Al-Ash’aree that the believer who recites the Qur’aan is like a citrus fruit – its fragrance is pleasing and its taste is sweet. The believer who does not recite the Qur’aan is like a dry date – it has no fragrance but, its taste is sweet. The hypocrite who recites the Qur’aan is like basil – Its fragrance is sweet but, its taste is bitter. The hypocrite who does not recite the Qur’aan is like a colocynth – it has no smell and its taste is bitter (Muslim).

*This is a weak hadeeth attributed to the prophet SAW. Scholars have mentioned (such as Sheikh-ul-Islam) it is permitted to use weak hadeeth in order to encourage good action(s). However, it must meet certain conditions as outlined by Ibn Hajar: 1) Must not be Da’eef Jiddan (very weak) 2) The action mentioned should already have an established position i.e. already  have  other saheeh evidences to outline importance/virtues 3) One should not think this hadeeth is saheeh but, rather should exercise caution when reading the hadeeth.
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Posted by on April 18, 2013 in 'Uloom Al-Qur'aan

 

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