A Glimpse Into The Life Of Imaam An-Nawawi رحمه الله

Name: Imaam Al-Haafidh Sheikh Al-Islam Muhi Ad-Deen Abu Zakariyyah Yahya Bin Sharaf Bin Muri Bin Hasan Bin Hussain Bin Muhammad Bin Jum’ah Bin Hizaam An-Nawawi

Born: 631 (After Hijrah)

His lineage traces back to a town called Nawa in Hauran, Syria. An-Nawawi was an exemplary individual who was truly blessed by Allah as shown by the following incident that demonstrates the discernment he possessed at such a young age.

A sheikh by the name of Yasin Bin Yusuf Al-Maraakishi passed by the town of An-Nawa when he saw a young An-Nawawi being FORCED to engage in recreation by other young children. He would try to escape them but, they would coerce him into playing with them whilst, he would be crying. Despite, all this – Imam An-Nawawi, whilst being in such a circumstance, would be seen reciting the Qur’aan. So, the Sheikh was moved by this observation and visited his father to advise him to free Imam An-Nawawi to pursue Islamic knowledge. His father responded positively and in the year 649 AH set off with his son to Damascus to study Islamic sciences.

SubhanAllah! it is reported Imam An-Nawawi was 10 years old when Sheikh Yasin had spotted him being forced to play with other children! This shows the love Imam An-Nawawi had at such a tender and impressionable age for Islam – May Allah shower his mercy upon him.

Such was his accomplishments at such a young age – he was given the title Muhi Al-Deen (the one who gives life to the religion). However, he despised this title out of his humility towards Allah. Infact, he said “I will not pardon the one who calls me Muhi Al-Deen. This religion has been firmly established as having life and is not in need of anyone giving life to it”.


Adh-Dhahabi: “He was tanned with a thick beard and of medium-build. He did not used to laugh much nor did he engage in recreation. He was frank in nature (serious) as he would speak the truth (enjoin the good) even whilst, in passing (passing by). He did not fear the blame of a critic”.


Abul Faraj ‘Abd Ar-Rahman Bin Abi ‘Umar, Muhammad Bin Ahmad Al-Maqdisi, Abu Isma’il Bin Abi Is-haaq Ibrahim Bin Abil Yusr, Ahmad Bin ‘Abd Da-im, Abul Baqaa Khaalid An-Nabulsi, Diyaa Bin Tamaam Al-Hysi, Hafidh Abul Fadl Muhammad Bin Muhammad Al-Bakri, ‘Abdul Kareem Bin ‘Abdis Samad, Abu Zakariyyah Yahya Bin Al-Fath As-Syurfy Al-Harrani, Abu Is-haaq Ibrahim Bin ‘Ali Bin Ahmad Bin Faadil Al-Waasiti and many more.


‘Alaa Al-Deen Bin Al-‘Attaar, Shams Al-Deen Bin An-Naqeeb, Shams Al-Deen Bin Ja’waan, Shams Al-Deen Bin Al-Qammaah, Hafidh Jamal Al-Deen Al-Muzzi, Badr Al-Deen Bin Jama’ah, Rasheed Al-Deen Al-Hanafi and many more that cannot be enumerated.


Many biographers note that Imam Al-Nawawi was a figurehead of asceticism and an example to follow when it came to scrupulousness. He was unparalleled in the manner he would advise the rulers and the way he would enjoin the good and forbid the evil. An example of his asceticism is depicted by the following incident:

It was narrated that he was asked “Why didn’t you marry?“. To which he replied “I forgot!“. That was an answer from a man who was preoccupied in gaining knowledge and spreading it.

Throughout his life; one can find many examples that point towards his scrupulousness. It was reported that he did not accept gifts or gratuity. He did not accept anything from anyone except, from his parents and those close to him. He refused to eat any of the fruits of Damascus because he knew that orchards, many of which were endowments and for orphans and others, were not handled properly and he feared that the food he would be eating was not from a permissible source.

In fact, He would only eat once a day after the last obligatory prayer of the day and he would only drink once a day before dawn.


Imaam An-Nawawi was also unparalleled when it came to enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. He had a heart that was courageous which did not fear anyone except Allah. The following incident depicts such a trait:

When Sultan Adh-Dhahir (ruler at that time) left to fight the Tatars in Ash-Shaam; he sought fatawa (legal verdicts) from the scholars to take wealth from the citizens to aid him in his battle. He killed many of the scholars for their refusal to offer such permission. He then asked “Is there anyone left (that i should ask for a fatwa (legal verdict)?”. The people replied “Yes, Muhi Al-deen An-Nawawi remains”. So, he asked the imaam and said “Place your signature with the jurists (who have given permission”. Imam An-Nawawi replied “No” to which the Sultan asked “What is your reason for refusal?”. Imam An-Nawawi with such courage said

I know that you used to be a slave for the Ameer of Bandaqaar and you didnt have any wealth. Thereafter, Allah favoured you and made you king. I heard that you have 1000 male servants. All of them have belts (for their animals) made out of gold. You also have under your possession 200 female servants. All of them have jars for jewellery. If you spend all of that and have male servants that have wool items instead of golden belts..and have female servants that have only their clothes and no jewellery..and their remains nothing in the Bayt Al-Maal (Muslim Treasury) vis-a-vis cash, property & land – then i will give you a fatwa (legal verdict) to take the wealth from the common folk. Indeed, the only way to seek assistance during battle amongst other things is by displaying neediness before Alah and by following the Prophet SAW”.

This made the Sultaan angry and he said “Leave my land”. Imam An-Nawawi obliged with the request and left to return back to Nawa. It was said to the Sultan “What was the reason that you had abstained from killing him (Imam An-Nawawi)?”. He replied “Everytime i wanted to kill him, i saw over his shoulder 70 individuals who would avenge me, so i refrained”.


The Imaam was engaged in a tremendous amount of worship. He was busy with the recitals of the Qur’aan and remembering Allah (Dhikr) whilst, turning away from the Dunya and becoming a visionary in his quest for success in the Aakhirah.

It was narrated by Muhammad Al-Ba’li Al-Hanbali: “In the depths of the night in damascus, I saw Sheikh An-Nawawi standing in the darkness and continuously repeating the verse of Allah

إِنِّىٓ إِذًا لَّفِى ضَلَـٰلٍ مُّبِينٍ

Then verily, I should be in plain error” (Surat Yaseen Verse 24). Al-Ba’li says that he was repeating this in a tone of submissiveness and sadness.

Ibn Katheer RHM: “Imaam An-Nawawi used to fast for long periods of time”.


Ibn Al-‘Attar: “…he was one-of-a-kind in his era, the one who keeps many fasts, aesthetic, pursuer of the hereafter, possessor of pleasing characteristics, (possessor of) beautiful language, the scholar, the one who reached the pinnacles of knowledge, action, leadership, aestheticism, scrupulousness and his worship…”

Taj As-Subki: “The eyes have never seen anyone who had more zuhd (aestheticism) than him whether, in wakefulness nor in a state of dream. Nor, have they observed anyone more devoted in following the path of the noble predecessors from the Ummah of Muhammad SAW. He has many beneficial works and praiseworthy virtues..”

The Imaam (May Allaah have mercy upon him) passed away in the year 676 [After Hijrah] aged 44.

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Posted by on December 9, 2017 in Biographies


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Famous narrations re. Ramadan BUT…

Bismillah Walhamdulillah Wassalaatu Wassalaam ‘ala Rasoolillah

We continue with this treatise after the initial post – Part 1 – where we mentioned some of the unauthentic narrations that exist re. Ramadan.

9) “Whosoever catches Ramadhan in Makkah and fasts and stands (in the prayer) from it in what is easy for him, Allah will write (the reward of) a thousand months of Ramadhan in other than it (Makkah). And for every day (of fasting) Allah will write for him (the reward of) freeing a slave, and for every night (of prayer) [the reward of] freeing a slave. And every day (will have the reward of the one who has) a horse which carries loads in the path of Allah. And on every day there is a good deed (written for him) and in every night there is a good deed (written for him).”

Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali stated that the chain of narration for the above statement is weak. Imam Albani categorised this hadeeth as fabricated in As-Silsalatu Ad-Da’eefah.

10) “Whenever the month of Rajab had actualised; the prophet SAW used to say “Allahumma Baarik Lanaa fee Rajaba Wa Sha’baan wa ballighnaa Ramadaan” (Oh Allah, Bless us in Rajab and Sha’ban and allow us to reach Ramadan)”.

Ibn Rajab in Al-Lataif Al-Ma’arif, Imam An-Nawawi in Al-Adhkaar and Imam Albani in Da’eef At-Targheeb have all classified this narration as weak. This is a famous du’a that is uttered by Muslims worldwide – so, it is important to clarify a few matters. The meaning of the narration is correct, in the sense, that it is acceptable and praiseworthy for a Muslim to make such a beautiful supplication. However, we cannot attribute this to be a saying from the Prophet SAW as the narration is weak. Making a supplication to Allah to be granted the ability to reach Ramadan is commendable. Al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali states in Lata’if Al-Ma’aarif:

Ma’la Bin Al-Fadl said “They (the pious predecessors) use to make du’a to Allah 6 months before the advent of Ramadan asking him to allow them to reach Ramadan and they used to make du’a for 6 months afterwards asking Allah to accept (their efforts in Ramadan) from them”.

He also quotes Yahya Bin Katheer who said “They used to invoke Allah in their du’a by asking “Oh Allah, keep me safe till Ramadan, and keep Ramadan safe for me and render my deeds acceptable during it”.

It is clear that making du’a to Allah asking him to allow us to reach Ramadan is a practice of the earlier generation and therefore, is something recommended for the Muslim to do.

11) “Rajab is Allah’s month, Sha’baan is my month and Ramadan is my nations month….”

This narration has been classified as fabricated by Ibn-l Jawzi in Al-Mawdoo’aat, Ibn Hajr in Tabyeen Al-‘Ujb, Ash-Shawkani in Fawaid Al-Majmoo’ah, Adh-Dhahabi in Tarikh Al-Islam and Ibn-l Qayyim in Al-Manaar Al-Muneef.

12) “Whosoever breaks the fast of the fasting person (by giving him food) in Ramadhan from lawful earnings, the Angels send prayers upon him during all of the nights of Ramadhan and (the Angel) Jibreel shakes hands with him on Laylat-l Qadr.. And whomsoever Jibreel shakes hands with, his heart becomes tender and his tears become many.” A man said: ‘O’ Messenger of Allah, and if he (the person) doesn’t have that with him (to feed the person with)?’ He said: “(Then even) a handful of food.” He (the man) said: ‘What do you think about the one who doesn’t (even) have a morsel of bread.” He said: “Then (even) a sip of milk mixed with water.” He (the man) said: ‘What do you think about the one who doesn’t (even) have that with him?’ He said: “Then (even) a sip of water.”

Ibn Hibban in Al-Majrooheen said that this narration has no basis. It has been branded as ‘not authentic’ by Ibn-l Qayyim and Sheikh Albani has stated that this narration is very weak.
However, there are still virtues of feeding a fasting person at the time of iftar as alluded to by the following authentic hadeeth:

It was narrated that Zayd ibn Khaalid al-Juhani said: “The Messenger of Allah SAW said: “Whoever gives iftaar to one who is fasting will have a reward like his, without that detracting from the reward of the fasting person in the slightest.(Tirmidhi)”  

13) “Whenever the prophet SAW used to break his fast – he would state “Bismillahi, Allahumma Laka Sumtu, Wa ‘ala Rizqika Aftartu – (in the name of Allah, Oh Allah, for you i have fasted and with your provision(s) – i break my fast”.

Imam Ash-Shawkani in Nayl Al-Awtaar, Ibn Hajr in At-talkhees Al-Habeer and Albani in Irwaa Al-Ghaleel have classified this to be weak. There are other additional statements found in other narrations to the aforementioned du’a such as the following prefixes “Wa bika aamantu wa ‘alayka Tawakaltu – And in you i believe and upon you i place my trust” – However, this is not authentically attributed to the prophet SAW. Mulla ‘Ali Al-Qari stated that despite, the meaning being correct – these additions have no basis.

 14) “Whenever the prophet SAW used to break his fast – he would state “Allahumma Laka Sumtu, Wa ‘ala Rizqika Aftartu , fataqabbal Minnee Innaka Anta As-Samee’ Al-‘Aleem- (Oh Allah, for you i have fasted and with your provision(s) – i break my fast, so, accept it from me; Indeed, you are the all-hearing, all-knowing).

Ibn-l Qayyim in Zaad Al-Ma’aad stated that this narration is not established. Ibn Hajr Al-‘Athqalani in Al-futoohaat Ar-Rabaaniyah said that it’s chain of narration is very weak. Sheikh Albani has also classified this narration to be weak. However, an important note is that some scholars have classified the following du’a at the time of breaking fast to be authentic:

“Dhahaba Adh-Dhama’, Wabtallatil ‘Urooq, Wa-thabathal Ajru InshaAllah – (The thirst has gone, the veins are moist, and the reward is set, Allah willing) (Abu Dawood)

15) “The sleep of the fasting person is worship, his silence if tasbeeh (glorification), his deeds are multiplied (in terms of reward), his supplications are answered and his sins are forgiven”.

Imam Al-‘Ajlooni has classified this narration to be weak in Kashf Al-Khifaa and Hafidh Al-‘Iraqi has weakened this in Takhreej Al-Ihyaa. However, one must realise that there are elements of the above narration to be true as established by authentic evidences. The fasting persons actions are indeed multiplied upto 700 times as mentioned above. Likewise, the supplication of a fasting person is not rejected and as mentioned in the hadeeth of Abu Hureirah – fasting is an expiation of sins. However, as for the reference about the sleep of a fasting person and his silence – then this has no basis in the authentic sources.

16) “The day of your fast is the day of Nahr”

The meaning of the above is that the first day of Ramadan is like the day of ‘Eid Al-Adha (where a sacrifice is made). Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal said that such a narration has no basis within the Islamic sources. Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“Nothing of this sort has been narrated in the books of Islam nor, has any ‘Aalim narrated this”

Ibn-l Qayyim has classified this narration to be Baatil (false/void) in Al-Manaar Al-Muneef. Al-‘Iraqi, As-Sakhawi, Az-Zarkashi, As-Suyooti, Al-‘Ajlooni and Albani have said that there is no basis for this narration. Imam An-Nawawi stated that this narration is Munkar (denounced).

17) “Whoever breaks a fast during Ramadan without a valid concession nor because of sickness – he would never be able to make up for it – even if he was to fast his whole life”

The above has been weakened by Imam Daraqutni and Imam Albani. The same sentiments has been echoed by Sheikh Ibn Baz. However, just because this narration is weak it doesn’t mean that the person who breaks his fast intentionally is not without sin! Rather, leaving off fasting intentionally in the month of Ramadan is from the major sins of Islam –

Abu Umaamah al-Baahili  RA who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah SAW say: “Whilst I was sleeping two men came to me and took my by the arm and brought me to a cragged mountain. They said, ‘Climb up.’ I said, ‘I cannot.’ They said, ‘We will make it easy for you.’ So I climbed up until I was at the top of the mountain. Then I heard loud voices. I said, ‘What are these voices?’ They said, ‘This is the howling of the people of Hell.” Then I was taken until I saw people hanging by their hamstrings, with the sides of their mouths torn and blood pouring from their mouths.’ I said, ‘Who are these?’ He said, ‘These are people who broke their fast before it was time” (Nisa’i, Ibn Khuzaymah, Ibn Hibban, Al-Haakim, Bayhaqi).

Al-Albani (may Allah have mercy on him) said: This is the punishment of those who fasted then broke the fast deliberately before the time for breaking the fast came, so what about those who do not fast at all? We ask Allah to keep us safe and sound in this world and in the Hereafter. 

Adh-Dhahabi RHM states in his work – Al-Kaba’ir *major sins* – “The 6th Major sin is breaking off the fast in Ramadan without a valid excuse”. In the same book -he also stated that the established believers viewed “Whoever abandons fasting in Ramadan without the excuse of sickness nor, any concession (granted to them by the Sharee’ah) is more evil than the thief (or anyone who takes property without due right), the adulterer and the drunkard. Indeed, they doubted his Islam and thought this was heresy”.

May Allah grant us the tawfeeq to fast during this month of Ramadan and obtain nearness to him, subhanahu wa ta’ala.


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Posted by on June 3, 2017 in Miscellaneous


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Famous narrations re. Ramadan BUT…

Bismillah Walhamdulillah Wassalaatu Wassalaam ‘ala Rasoolillah

All praises are due to Allah who has permitted us to enter into another Ramadan –  a month of opportunity, a month of Barakah and a month that exemplifies the immeasurable mercy of Allah towards his creation. Indeed, we ought to be grateful to Allah to gift us such a blessed month…Alhamdulillah 🙂 . As part of preparing for the advent of Ramadan; many (admirably) read up on the virtues of such a month in order to raise their eemaan so, they could engage in acts of worship to gain closeness to Allah. However, not all ahadeeth can be attributed to the prophet SAW as many are weak, very weak or even fabricated. Ergo, the title of this article…famous narrations re. Ramadan BUT, they are inauthentic. The following are some of the narrations that are not authentic:

  1. “Fast and you will be healthy.”

    Despite, the meaning of this hadeeth to be correct (as proven by Science) – it is not authentically attributed to the prophet SAW. Hafidh Al-‘Iraqi (from the giants of the scholars of Hadeeth) has weakened it, so has Al-Munaawi, Al-‘Aqeeli and Albani. Others such as As-Saaghaani, Alfatani and Ash-Shawkani have classed this narration to be fabricated.

  2. “The first 10 days of Ramadan are (days of) Mercy, Its middle (10 days) are (days of) Forgiveness and its last (10 days) are liberation from the hell-fire”

Imam Al-‘Aqeeli mentioned in “Ad-Du’afaa Al-Kabeer” that this narration has no basis. Imam Albani in Sahih Al-Jami’ stated that this is a very weak  narration. Sheikh Abu Ishaaq Al-Huwainy said regarding this hadeeth – it is baatil.

The reality is that all of Ramadan is mercy, forgiveness and a chance to be liberated from the hell-fire. This is derived from the following hadeeth  authenticated by Sheikh Albani:

     “When the first night of the month of Ramadan comes, the devils and rebellious jinn are chained up and the gates of Hell are closed, and not one gate of it is opened. The gates of Paradise are opened and not one gate of it is closed. And a caller cries out: ‘O seeker of good, proceed; O seeker of evil, desist.  And Allah has those whom He frees from the Fire, and that happens every night.” (Ibn Majah)

  3.  “Indeed, Allah ‘Azza Wa Jal frees 600,000 from the hell fire in every night of Ramadan and during its       concluding night, he frees an amount equivalent to the total he freed in the preceding nights”

Imam Bayhaqi had said that this hadeeth is Mursal (not raised to the prophet) and therefore, this is weak. Ibn Hibban stated that this hadeeth has no basis and Imam Albani had also weakened this narration.

However, it is correct that Allah does indeed free his servants from the fire of hell during the month of Ramadan. However, none, but he knows the exact number he frees. This is derived from the following authentic hadeeth reported in the previous paragraph.

  4. “When it is the first night of the month of Ramadhan, Allah, The Mighty and The Majestic, looks at his creation. And when Allah, The Mighty and The Majestic, looks at His slave, never will He punish Him. And Allah, The Mighty and The Majestic frees a million (people) from the fire every night. And when it is the 29th night, Allah frees from the fire an amount that is similar to the amount he freed in the entire month”

This a fabricated narration as affirmed by Ibn-l Jawzi in his work “Al-Mawdoo’aat”. It has also been categorised as fabricated by Imam Ash-Shawkani (in Al-Fawaid Al-Majmoo’ah) and by Imam Albani (in Da’eef At-Targheeb and As-silsalatu Ad-Da’eefah).

The same can be mentioned as that was mentioned for narration number 3) – Allah frees his servants from the fire in the month of Ramadan but, none knows the number of those who are liberated except, he (subhanahu wa ta’ala).

5) “Indeed, Paradise is beautified for Ramadan at the beginning of the year until, the next year. When the first night of Ramadan appears, a wind blows from underneath the Throne (of Allah)…….Allah ‘Azza Wa Jal frees 1 million of his servants, of whom were earmarked for the hellfire, from the hell-fire every day. When the concluding night of Ramadan appears – Allah frees from the fire an amount equivalent to the amount he had freed in the month from beginning to end”.

Ibn-l Jawzi (in Al-‘Ilal Al-Mutanaahiyah) said regarding this hadeeth “It is not authentic” and Imam Albani classed this as fabricated in Da’eef At-Targheeb.

6) “If the servants of what lies therein in Ramadan, they would have wished that the entire year was Ramadan!. A man from Khuza’ah said “Narrate to us regarding it”. He said “Indeed, Paradise is beautified for Ramadhan at the beginning of the year until the (next) year. So, when it is the first night of Ramadhan, a wind blows from underneath the Throne (of Allah) and it decant some of the leaves of  Jannah. The Hoor Al-Ayn look at this and say : ‘O’ Lord, grant us from your servants spouses that will be the coolness of our eyes and we will be the coolness of their eyes’. He then said “There is no servant who fasts in Ramadan except, that he is wedded to a spouse amongst the Hoor Al-‘Ayn in a pavilion made out of hollow pearls. That is what Allah had described when he stated “Fair ones reserved in Pavilions (Ar-Rahman verse 72)”…..”

Ibn-l Jawzi classified this hadeeth as fabricated. Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr Al-‘Athqalani in Al-Mutaalib Al-‘Aaliyah stated that his hadeeth is very weak.. Imam  Ash-Shawkani in Fawaid Al-Majmoo’ah stated that this is fabricated. Imam Albani also had stated that this narration was fabricated.

7) “O people a very great month has come upon you …whoever seeks nearness to Him with a good deed in it will be like performing an obligatory action in other months and whoever performs an obligatory action then it will be like as if he has performed 70 obligatory actions in other months”

Ibn Hajr Al-‘Athqalani stated that this hadeeth is weak. Imam Albani stated that this narration was very weak (in his takhreej of Mishkaat Al-Masaabeeh) and in As-Silsalatu Ad-Da’eefah stated that this was Munkar (denounced).

However, just because this hadeeth is rejected – it does not mean that deeds are not multiplied (in terms of reward) in Ramadan. Rather, Allah multiplies good deeds in Ramadan and other than Ramadan upto 700 times. The reward for fasting is something unique and only Allah knows the reward of it and how much he will increase the reward by. This stems from the following authentic narration:

“Abu Hureirah RA stated that the prophet SAW said: “Every deed of the child of Adam will be multiplied between ten and seven hundred times. Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, said: Except fasting. It is for Me and I shall reward for it. He gives up his desires and his food for My sake.”

8) “The month of Ramadan is my nations month; which casts away their sins. When a muslim servant fasts and refrains from lying, backbiting and breaks his fast with pure (substance/nourishment)  – he leaves his sins (i.e. sins are erased) the way a snake leaves its skin”

Imam Albani categorised this hadeeth as “very weak”. However, it is worth stating that there are authentic narrations that allude to Ramadan expiating for ones sins/errors. Abu Hureirah reports that the prophet SAW said

“Whosoever fasts Ramadan with eemaan and in anticipation of its reward – his past sins will be forgiven” (Bukhari & Muslim).

Also, Abu Hureirah RA narrates that the prophet SAW said

“The 5 daily prayers, One Jumu’ah to the next Jum’uah & Ramadan to the next Ramadan expiate sins which were committed in between so long as one refrains from the major sins” (Muslim).


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Posted by on May 29, 2017 in Miscellaneous


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Ar-Rikhaawah vs Ash-Shiddah vs At-Tawassut

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Following on from the Al-Hams Vs Al-Jahr post, the second batch from the characteristics with opposites is Ar-Rikhaawah and its opposite – Ash-Shiddah. However, there is a characteristic that is in the middle of these 2 opposites and that is At-Tawassut (The medium/intermediary).

Ar-Rikhaawah refers to the continuation of the sound when pronouncing a letter. For instance:


The above is pronounced “Adhhh”; however, if one wishes the sound of the letter dhaal can be extended i.e. adhhhhh. This is because, the letter Dhaal is from the weak letters. The rest of the letters of Ar-Rikhawah are easily identified as being those other than the letters of Ash-Shiddah and At-Tawasut (simply because, the letters of Ar-Rikhawah are more than Ash-Shiddah and At-Tawasut. It is easier to identify the letters of Ash-Shiddah and At-Tawussut as the scholars have gathered the letters of the former and latter in small phrases to make memorisation/identification easier. Therefore, one can use the process of elimination to identify the letters of Rikhaawah).

Ash-Shiddah is the opposite of Ar-Rikhaawah. This is where it is not possible to continue the sound of the letter after pronouncing it. This is because, the letters of shiddah are from the stronger letters. i.e.


The above phrase is pronouced “Aq”. Notice, it is extremely difficult to prolong this pronounciation in the same way we did for the aforementioned Rikhaawah example. This is the actualisation of the characteristic of Ash-Shiddah. The letters of Ash-Shiddah are gathered in the following phrase:

أَجِدْ قَطٍ بَكَتْ

“Ajid Qatin Bakath”

At-Tawassut are those letters that are in the middle of Shiddah and Rikhaawah. Therefore, one can continue the sound when pronouncing the letters of Tawassut but, not as long as you can with letters of Rikhaawah. The letters of At-Tawassut are gathered in the following phrase:

لِن عُمَرْ

“Lin ‘Umar”

All the remaining letters after the above 2 phrases are from the letters of Rikhaawah.

To make things clearer, please watch the above video to understand what is meant when we say “prolonging/continuing the sound of the letter when pronounced“.

For an example of a letter of Ash-Shiddah; of which the sound of the letter cannot be continued/pronounced, watch the clip from 1 min 30 secs. The sheikh gives an example using the letter ب. You cannot delve on the Baa once pronounced as the sheikh clearly shows.

For an example of a letter of Tawassut – view the clip at 2 mins 58 seconds. The sheikh gives an example using the letter ر. You can clearly see the sheikh showing that the sound of the ر can be prolonged i.e. “Arrr”. This is in contrast to the letter ب (from the letters of Ash-Shiddah) which could not be prolonged in the same way. The sheikh also gives an example using the letter ع at 3 mins & 25 seconds into the clip.

For an example of a letter of Rikhawah – view the clip at 2 mins 01 seconds where the sheikh gives an example of the continuation of the sound when pronouncing the letter ه (haa). The sound of the ه clearly continues which is in stark contrast to the letters of Shiddah. The letters of Rikhawah’s continuance are lengthier than you would find in the pronunciation of the letters of At-Tawassut.

Note: Although, examples were given using phrases in the sukoon form – Al-Jahr and Al-Hams are general characteristics and are not restricted to sukoon form. Examples were given using sukoon to make it easy to comprehend.


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Posted by on October 3, 2016 in Tajweed


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Labbaik: The Call of Devotion


All praises are due to Allah – the King of Kings, the Magnificent, the Majestic and the Supreme. To him belongs the most beautiful names and the loftiest of attributes. To him we belong and to him we return.

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad the son of ‘Abdullah SAW, our leader and our Qudwa (Role model)

Jabir Bin Zaid: “I contemplated upon the actions of birr (dutifulness/piety) and found that the prayer (salah) constitutes the efforts of one’s body but, not of one’s wealth. Likewise, the fasting (Siyam) is of the same nature. (But), Hajj constitutes the efforts of one’s body and wealth. Therefore, I viewed Hajj to be more preponderate than all these actions” (Hilyat Al-Awliya).

Alhamdulillah, during this years Hijri month of Dhul Hijjah, I was fortunate to be amongst the guests of Ar-Rahman – those who Allah had invited to visit his house. Alhamdulillah, Thumma Alhamdulillah – Allah gave me the chance to perform Hajj.

I set off in early September, on route to Madinah, before the days of Hajj had initiated, to visit the city of the prophet SAW. Feelings of anguish and anxiety had set upon me before i boarded the plane – Will I be patient enough? What if i perform the rituals wrong? What if Allah does not accept my Hajj? I told my mother I was nervous – and she responded “Don’t be nervous, my son. Indeed, Allah takes care of you and shows you his kindness“. This feeling of anxiousness was very penetrative as i could not eat my breakfast on the day of my departure. However, I made du’a to Allah to aid me in my endeavours and to give me the tawfeeq to perform the rituals in accordance to his pleasure. Du’a is the comfort of the believer. How can it not be – for indeed, you are reaching out to the King of Kings, to the one who possesses all power and might. This (Ad-Du’a) is the ultimate antidote to feelings of anxiety.

I started to feel better as we approached the airport. I set myself a list of things to do in the plane which i had jotted down on my notepad. One of them was to listen to a lecture/video on Hajj in order to reap some advice on making the most of my Hajj. One thing that struck me from the lecture was the Sheikh (Hafidhahullah) said “For the one who is sincere; Allah makes things easy for him“. By Allah, I was delighted to hear this. Prior to my travel, i heard how challenging Hajj was and how difficult people found it which made me even more apprehensive. I heard how even the most practicing of brothers can almost ruin their hajj!!! But, hearing this simple statement – made my heart at ease. It must be pointed out – I am not claiming sincerity here – Rather, I was overjoyed by the realisation that Hajj can be made easy (That it isn’t all hard/difficult/strenuous upon the soul).

As we landed in Madina, all nervousness was wiped away. The tranquillity and beauty of the land made me fall in love with this city. How pertinent is the prophetic statement: “Madinah is like a furnace, it expels out the impurities (bad persons) and selects the good ones and makes them perfect.” The people of Madina seemed at ease and this was echoed to me by a taxi driver who said “Madina is beautiful; there is none like it”. In actual fact, Madina is guarded by Angels – therefore, how can one not feel at ease?

Thereafter, we left Madina and put on our Ihram for ‘Umrah. As per the prophetic Sunnah, i ensured I applied as much perfume as possible before applying the Ihram. By the leave of Allah, I performed ‘Umrah with relative comfort. A few points to note:

a) Despite the renovations going on at the Haram, the sight of the Ka’bah never fails to delight you. 
b) Making du’a at the first glance of the Ka’bah is something recommended by many scholars.                                                                                                                                                    c
) During the Sa’ee – it is perfectly acceptable to wear sandals (even during Tawaf) especially as the surface is hard and may cause discomfort to those with sensitive feet.

After ‘Umrah, we entered Aziziya (Mandatory 2 day stay imposed by Govt.) where we stayed before we left for Mina. The Aziziya apartments were really good and you can bond more with your Hajj Group here as you are all within close proximity. This is in stark contrast to the hotels because, the sheer size of the hotels makes it difficult to see your fellow Hajj group members.

During the 8th day of Dhul Hijjah, we set out for Mina. This is where the serious work begins – this is what we have come for – the DAYs of HAJJ. As we wore our Ihram and boarded our coach to head off to Mina – sounds of the Talbiyyah echoed around the coach. Brothers calling out loud and proud. LABBAIK ALLAHUMMA LABBAIK..LABBAIKA LAA SHAREEKA LAKA LABBAIK..INNAL HAMDA WAN-NI’MATA LAKA WAL MULK..LAA SHARIKA LAK. SubhanAllah, when you understand the words of this statement; you realise how powerful it is. It is a call of devotion and submissiveness to Allah Jalla wa ‘ala. Take for example “LABBAIK” commonly translated as “Here I am”. Although, not wrong – the phrase has a more deeper meaning to it than that. Some of the scholars of Arabic Linguistics have mentioned that Labbaik is derived from “lLBAAB” which refers to something that is firm and upright and persistent. Therefore, what you are saying to Allah is “Oh Allah, here I am, firm in your worship, totally devoted to you“. SubhanAllah, what a statement and how perfectly convenient is this statement for the rites of Hajj. Another meaning to it is ”perpetual love” and therefore, by proclaiming LABBAIK you are proclaiming your love to Allah. You do not say Labbaik to someone except, that you love them and venerate them. 

Day 8: Go to Mina and prepare for the day of Hajj – Yawm Al-‘Arafah. Ensure you do not waste the day but, think about dua’s you want to state on the day of ‘Arafah, engage in the tilawah of the Qur’aan and other righteous actions.

Day 9: This is the day of Hajj as the prophet SAW said “Hajj is ‘Arafah”. Shaytaan will be trying his best to deter you and sway you from worship so, ensure you seek refuge in Allah from Shaytaan’s plots and be patient. Remember the virtues of the day of ‘Arafah i.e. The prophet SAW said “There is no day on which Allah frees more people from the Fire than the Day of ‘Arafah. He comes close and expresses His pride to the angels, saying, ‘What do these people want?’” (Sahih Muslim).
Seek forgiveness from Allah by contemplating upon your sins/shortcomings. Do not be afraid to let out your tears and make good use of your time. This is the day of Du’a so, ensure you raise your hands up to the lord of the heavens and earth frequently.

Have hope and take inspiration from the following narration:
‘Abdullah Bin Mubarak came to Sufyan Ath-Thawri on the eve of ‘Arafah and found him kneeling whilst, his eyes were full with tears. He asked him “Who is upon the worst of conditions in this gathering (‘Arafah)”. Sufyan replied “The one who thinks Allah will not forgive him”. SubhanAllah, never despair of the mercy of Allah.

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Posted by on September 28, 2016 in Miscellaneous


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Secret Whispers – Du’a

Alhamdulillahi Wahdahu Wassalatu Wassalam ‘Ala Man Laa Nabiyya Ba’dah.

As we traverse rapidly through the days and nights of Ramadan – we often find that during the middle stage of this glorious month we suffer burnout. Our enthusiasm that we once had wavers and we are no longer energetic in our ‘ibadaat (May Allah have mercy upon us). Consequently, our communication with our lord becomes halfhearted. The month of Ramadan is an amazing opportunity for us to gain closeness and proximity with Allah and thus, it is incumbent that during periods of stagnation we take the necessary steps to bring ourselves upon the right route again – that is the route towards Allahs pleasure.

I hope this article will allow us to become enthusiastic about making du’a to Allah so, that we genuinely are excited when we raise our hands to him.

Allah mentions in the Qur’an:

وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ ۖ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ ۖفَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ

And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.(Surat Al-Baqarah Verse 186)

Allah is hastening us to call unto him and thus, emphasising to us that he hears our calls and not only, that but, he responds to us aswell. My dear brother and sister, is it not shameful upon us when we count the favours of our lord upon us (and never will we be able to truly enumerate the blessings Allah has conferred upon us) that we do not respond back to Allah by showing gratefulness and increasing our worship? Granted, we will never be able to repay him for all the favours he has bestowed upon us for indeed, he is Al-Ghani (Free of all need) but, we ought to try and do the best we can. And what a better way than to make du’a – to communicate our needs to the one who is free of all needs – to communicate to the one that holds the key towards all that which lays within the heavens and earth. Allah loves it when we ask – no matter how small or big – for Allah’s generosity knows no bounds.

Allah is Al-Mujeeb – the one who ‘responds’. Imam Ahmad and Al-Bukhari in ‘Adab Al-Mufrad’ narrate that Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri RA reports that the prophet SAW:

“There is no Muslim that supplicates with words containing in it no sin nor, the cutting of ties of kinship except, Allah will grant this person one of 3 things:

a) Either Allah will hasten to grant this person what he has supplicated for
b) Or Allah will reserve it for him in the hereafter
c) Or he will deflect harm/evil away from him that will be equivalent to what he has asked for

The Sahabah then responded “Thus, we should ask him abundantly”. The prophet responded “Allah is greater (i.e. has more than enough resources)”.

Ponder upon the enthusiasm of the Sahabah – how delighted were they in hearing this hadeeth? They had conviction that in Allah’s hands lies control of everything. Whatever he wills, in whatever era he wills it to happen; it shall occur in a manner that he intends. His Will shall take effect without any changes – no additions nor, any subtractions. Nor, shall his Will be delayed nor brought forth. His judgement/verdict is penetrative throughout the heavens and all its regions, it penetrates through the earth and that which is over it and that which is under it. It penetrates through the seas and the atmosphere between the heavens and earth. It penetrates through every place in the world. To him belongs all of creation and commandment. To him belongs the dominion and all praise. To him belongs the Dunya and the Aakhirah.

يَسْأَلُهُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ فِي شَأْنٍ

“Whosoever is in the heavens and on earth begs of Him (its needs from Him). Every day He has a matter to bring forth (such as giving honour to some, disgrace to some, life to some, death to some, etc.)!” (Surat Al-Rahman Verse 29)

Let us now ponder upon the statements of the righteous before us re. Dua:

‘Umar Bin Al-Khattab RA: “I do not concern myself about the response (to a du’a) but, i concern myself with making Du’a. So, if i make effort in Du’a then no doubt, the response corresponds with it”

‘Umar Bin Al-Khattab RA: “Upon being scrupulous about that which Allah has proscribed does Allah accept Du’a and tasbeeh”

‘Abdullah Bin Mas’ood: “Indeed, Allah does not accept Du’a except from one who is sincere. He does not accept it from the conceited, nor the deceitful one, nor one who is not serious nor the one who is heedless. He only accepts from the one with a firm heart

Abu Al-Darda: “Supplicate to Allah in the days of your ease/happiness. Perhaps, he will answer you in the days of your hardship/harm”

Abu Al-Darda: “Persist in making du’a! For indeed, the one who persists in knocking on a door – it is only a matter of time before it gets opened for hm”

Abu Dharr: “Dutifulness suffices Du’a just like how salt suffices food” *i.e. they go hand-in hand*

Abu Bakr Ash-Shibly says regarding the statement of Allah “Call upon me and I will respond to you (40:60)”.This means call upon me without any ghaflah (heedlessness) and I shall respond to you without any Mahlah (delay)

Yahya Bin Mu’adh Ar-Razi: “My lord, i ask (call upon) you in a state of humility so, grant me favourably

Abu Bakr Bin ‘Abdillah Al-Muzani visited an ill person who asked him “Pray to Allah for me”. He responded “Call upon him yourself, for he responds to the call of the distressed

Yahya Bin Mu’adh Ar-Razi:“The response is not delayed if you supplicate (to Allah) even if the pathway is blocked by sins”

Al-Hasan said regarding the statement of Allah “Call upon me and I will respond to you (40:60)” – “Make (Du’a) and rejoice – for indeed it is a right upon Allah that he responds to those who believe, work righteous deeds and he increases them in his bounty”

Muhammad Bin Hamid asked Abu Bakr Al-Warraq “Teach me a thing that will make me closer to Allah and also, to the people”. He responded “As for gaining closeness to Allah – upon you is to ask him. As for gaining closeness to the people – then abandon asking them”

Al-Awzaa’i: “The most potent form of Du’a is one where a person insists upon Allah”

May Allah accept our deeds – our standing and fasting and may he make us amongst those who call upon him in a beautiful way.

Our lord, accept from us – Indeed you are the All-hearing, All-knowing.

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Posted by on June 25, 2016 in Eemaan Boosters, Miscellaneous


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A Glimpse Into The Life of Imam Az-Zuhri رحمه الله

Name: (Abu Bakr) Muhammad Bin Muslim Bin ”Ubayd Bin ‘Abdillah Bin Shihaab Bin ‘Abdillah Bin Al-Haarith Bin Zuhrah Bin Kilaab Bin Murrah Bin Ka’b Bin Lu’ay Bin Ghaalib

Born: 50/51 AH

He was a scholar renowned for the power of his memory, Rahimahullah. A testament to this is Imam Adh-Dhahabis narrative that he memorised the entire Qur’aan in 80 days! He also states

I never ask for a hadeeth to be repeated nor did I ever have doubt upon a hadeeth (vis-a-vis accuracy) except one for which I sought verification of from my companion. I found that it was exactly as i had memorised!”

Such an exemplary character. Al-Layth reports that Az-Zuhri said “I did not entrust anything unto my heart that I forgot“. Such abilities are an indication of the greatness of Allah and how he had blessed Az-Zuhri with an incredible memory.

Az-Zuhri recommended raisins as an aid to one’s memorisation. Isma’eel Al-Makki reports that he heard Az-Zuhri say: “Whoever’s delight lies in memorising hadeeth, let him eat raisins (to assist in his quest)”. 

He used to dislike eating apples stating that it causes forgetfulness whereas, consuming honey aids memory.


Sufyan Bin ‘Uyaynah: I saw Az-Zuhri with reddish hair and beard. His reddish hair began to fade. It seemed as if he had applied Katam (A type of plant used to dye hair). As-Sufyan also said that Az-Zuhri was bleary-eyed.

Ya’qub Bin ‘Abdirrahmann: I saw Az-Zuhri to be a short man, with a small beard, scattered hair but, not so much facial hair.


Sahl Bin Sa’ad (RA), Anas Bin Malik (RA), Muhammad Bin Rabee’, Abi Tufail ‘Aamir, ‘Alqamah Bin Waqqas, ‘Urwah Bin Zubair, Abi Idrees Al-Khawlani, ‘Ali Bin Al-Hussain, ‘Abdul Malik Bin Marwan, Muhammad Bin Nu’man Bin Basheer, ‘Abdullah Bin Ka’b Bin Malik, Sa’eed Bin Al-Musayyib and many others


‘Ataa Bin Abi Rabah, ‘Amar Bin Dinar, ‘Amar Bin Shu’ayb, Zaid Bin Aslam, Qatadah Bin Du’aamah, Mansoor Bin Al-Mu’tamar, Ayyub As-Sukhtiyani, Yahya Bin Sa’eed Al-Ansari, Salih Bin Kaysaan, ‘Aqeel Bin Khalid,  Ziyad Bin Sa’d, Awzaa’i, Ibrahim Bin Sa’d and many more.


Layth Bin Sa’d reports: “He was the most generous amongst the people. He gave to those all those who came to him and sought from him to such an extent that he would even borrow from his servants (if he had to). Allah had granted him much patience and tolerance as either a man would be requesting something of him or would be trying to sell him something dogmatically. He also used to feed the people gruel and give them honey to drink..”

It was said to Az-Zuhri: “The people do not find fault with you except, for your (high level of) debt. He replied “And how much is my debt? My debt is only 20,000 dinars! I have 5 springs belonging to me. Each spring is worth 40,000 dinars! There is no one to inherit from this except, my grandson and i do not mind if he doesn’t inherit (as he was a faasiq – venial sinner)”. SubhanAllah, this story shows how generous Az-Zuhri was. He amassed debt because of his charity towards the people yet, he did not mind this in the slightest. He refered to his debt as “ONLY 20,000 dinars!”. He was truly a man who placed no value for the dunya as he was a visionary aiming to cement his place in the perpetual gardens of peace in the Aakhirah!

It was said to the nephew of Az-Zuhri: “Did your uncle ever used to apply perfume?”. He replied “I used to smell the fragrance of musk emanating from the mouth of his riding beast!”.

Az-Zuhri was once being praised by a man upon which Az-Zuhri gave him his shirt. It was said “Did you give (your shirt) due to the (mere) speech of (a man who is satanic) Ash-Shaytaan?”. He replied “Indeed, amongst the aims of (enjoining) good is to prevent evil”. Allahu Akbar..what a response…perhaps, he gave his shirt so, the man may change his ways due to the kindness displayed by Az-Zuhri.

Ziyad Bin As’ad said to Az-Zuhri “Your (explanations of) Hadeeth amaze me. However, I do not possess the (financial) means to travel to you”. He replied “Come to me and I shall narrate to you the ahadeeth and will also cover your expenses!”

‘Amar Bin Deenar: “I have not seen anyone view the Dinar and Dirham (money) more lowlier than Az-Zuhri” (because, of his unhesitant ways of charity – any chance he would get to donate – he would do so)


The following incident narrates the bravery of this great man and how he was not afraid to speak the truth despite, the potential repercussions that may have resulted:

Sulayman Bin Yassar entered upon the calipha – Hisham Bin ‘Abdil Malik and was asked “Oh Sulayman, who is responsible for spreading the malicious rumour about A’isha RA? He replied “Ibn Salool (A.K.A Abdullah Ibn Ubayy)”. Hisham said “You have lied..rather, it was ‘Ali (RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu)”. Sulayman kept quiet despite, knowing it was indeed, Ibn Salool. Thereafter, Az-Zuhri entered and was asked “Oh Ibn Shihaab – who is responsible for spreading the malicious rumour about A’isha RA?” He said “Ibn Ubayy (Ibn Salool)”. Hisham said to him “You have lied..rather, it was ‘Ali”. Az-Zuhri said

“I am lying?….By Allah, if a caller from the heavens was to call out – ‘Indeed, Allah has permitted lying‘ – i still would not lie! Sa’eed (Ibn-l Musayyib), ‘Urwah (Ibn Zubair), ‘Ubaydullah and ‘Alqamah bin Waqqas have all narrated to me from A’ishah that it was ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy who spread the rumours. (The 4 individuals referred to were big renowned scholars). This caused jealousy to surface. Hisham said to Az-Zuhri “Leave! By Allah, it is not befitting for us to tolerate the likes of you”.

What a great example of a proponent of truth! Where are the likes of Az-Zuhri today?


I could not obtain any information with regards to this – Rahimahullah


Salih Bin Kaysaan: “Myself and Az-Zuhri gathered together to seek knowledge. We said “We will write down the Sunan”. So, i wrote down whatever was transmitted from the prophet SAW. Thereafter he said “We should write down whatever was transmitted from the Sahabah for it is the Sunnah. I replied “It is not, so, we shall not write it down”. However, he still wrote it down whilst, i did. Accordingly, he was successful whilst, i was not”.

‘Amar Bin Deenar: “I have not seen anyone with more insight regarding Hadeeth than Ibn Shihaab”

‘Umar Bin ‘Abdil Azeez said to his gathering “Have you gone to meet Ibn Shihaab?”. They replied “(No but) We shall do so”. Upon which he stated “Visit him, for there remains no one more knowledgeable about the sunnah than him”

It was said to Mahkool: “Who is the most knowledgeable person you met?”. He replied “Ibn Shihaab”. It was asked “Who next?”. He replied “Ibn Shihaab”. It was asked “Who next?”. He replied “Ibn Shihaab”.

Sufyan Bin ‘Uyaynah: “I sat in the gatherings of Al-Hasan and others. But, i have never seen the likes of Az-Zuhri”

Imam Malik: “Whenever he used to enter Madeenah, no one would narrate anything (Ahadeeth etc) until, he had left the city” (A testament to the knowledge of Az-Zuhri and the respect he had attained in the eyes of the scholars)

The Imaam (May Allaah have mercy upon him) passed away in the year 124 [After Hijrah].

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Posted by on June 12, 2016 in Biographies


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