Ar-Rikhaawah vs Ash-Shiddah vs At-Tawassut

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Following on from the Al-Hams Vs Al-Jahr post, the second batch from the characteristics with opposites is Ar-Rikhaawah and its opposite – Ash-Shiddah. However, there is a characteristic that is in the middle of these 2 opposites and that is At-Tawassut (The medium/intermediary).

Ar-Rikhaawah refers to the continuation of the sound when pronouncing a letter. For instance:


The above is pronounced “Adhhh”; however, if one wishes the sound of the letter dhaal can be extended i.e. adhhhhh. This is because, the letter Dhaal is from the weak letters. The rest of the letters of Ar-Rikhawah are easily identified as being those other than the letters of Ash-Shiddah and At-Tawasut (simply because, the letters of Ar-Rikhawah are more than Ash-Shiddah and At-Tawasut. It is easier to identify the letters of Ash-Shiddah and At-Tawussut as the scholars have gathered the letters of the former and latter in small phrases to make memorisation/identification easier. Therefore, one can use the process of elimination to identify the letters of Rikhaawah).

Ash-Shiddah is the opposite of Ar-Rikhaawah. This is where it is not possible to continue the sound of the letter after pronouncing it. This is because, the letters of shiddah are from the stronger letters. i.e.


The above phrase is pronouced “Aq”. Notice, it is extremely difficult to prolong this pronounciation in the same way we did for the aforementioned Rikhaawah example. This is the actualisation of the characteristic of Ash-Shiddah. The letters of Ash-Shiddah are gathered in the following phrase:

أَجِدْ قَطٍ بَكَتْ

“Ajid Qatin Bakath”

At-Tawassut are those letters that are in the middle of Shiddah and Rikhaawah. Therefore, one can continue the sound when pronouncing the letters of Tawassut but, not as long as you can with letters of Rikhaawah. The letters of At-Tawassut are gathered in the following phrase:

لِن عُمَرْ

“Lin ‘Umar”

All the remaining letters after the above 2 phrases are from the letters of Rikhaawah.

To make things clearer, please watch the above video to understand what is meant when we say “prolonging/continuing the sound of the letter when pronounced“.

For an example of a letter of Ash-Shiddah; of which the sound of the letter cannot be continued/pronounced, watch the clip from 1 min 30 secs. The sheikh gives an example using the letter ب. You cannot delve on the Baa once pronounced as the sheikh clearly shows.

For an example of a letter of Tawassut – view the clip at 2 mins 58 seconds. The sheikh gives an example using the letter ر. You can clearly see the sheikh showing that the sound of the ر can be prolonged i.e. “Arrr”. This is in contrast to the letter ب (from the letters of Ash-Shiddah) which could not be prolonged in the same way. The sheikh also gives an example using the letter ع at 3 mins & 25 seconds into the clip.

For an example of a letter of Rikhawah – view the clip at 2 mins 01 seconds where the sheikh gives an example of the continuation of the sound when pronouncing the letter ه (haa). The sound of the ه clearly continues which is in stark contrast to the letters of Shiddah. The letters of Rikhawah’s continuance are lengthier than you would find in the pronunciation of the letters of At-Tawassut.

Note: Although, examples were given using phrases in the sukoon form – Al-Jahr and Al-Hams are general characteristics and are not restricted to sukoon form. Examples were given using sukoon to make it easy to comprehend.


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Posted by on October 3, 2016 in Tajweed


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Labbaik: The Call of Devotion


All praises are due to Allah – the King of Kings, the Magnificent, the Majestic and the Supreme. To him belongs the most beautiful names and the loftiest of attributes. To him we belong and to him we return.

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad the son of ‘Abdullah SAW, our leader and our Qudwa (Role model)

Jabir Bin Zaid: “I contemplated upon the actions of birr (dutifulness/piety) and found that the prayer (salah) constitutes the efforts of one’s body but, not of one’s wealth. Likewise, the fasting (Siyam) is of the same nature. (But), Hajj constitutes the efforts of one’s body and wealth. Therefore, I viewed Hajj to be more preponderate than all these actions” (Hilyat Al-Awliya).

Alhamdulillah, during this years Hijri month of Dhul Hijjah, I was fortunate to be amongst the guests of Ar-Rahman – those who Allah had invited to visit his house. Alhamdulillah, Thumma Alhamdulillah – Allah gave me the chance to perform Hajj.

I set off in early September, on route to Madinah, before the days of Hajj had initiated, to visit the city of the prophet SAW. Feelings of anguish and anxiety had set upon me before i boarded the plane – Will I be patient enough? What if i perform the rituals wrong? What if Allah does not accept my Hajj? I told my mother I was nervous – and she responded “Don’t be nervous, my son. Indeed, Allah takes care of you and shows you his kindness“. This feeling of anxiousness was very penetrative as i could not eat my breakfast on the day of my departure. However, I made du’a to Allah to aid me in my endeavours and to give me the tawfeeq to perform the rituals in accordance to his pleasure. Du’a is the comfort of the believer. How can it not be – for indeed, you are reaching out to the King of Kings, to the one who possesses all power and might. This (Ad-Du’a) is the ultimate antidote to feelings of anxiety.

I started to feel better as we approached the airport. I set myself a list of things to do in the plane which i had jotted down on my notepad. One of them was to listen to a lecture/video on Hajj in order to reap some advice on making the most of my Hajj. One thing that struck me from the lecture was the Sheikh (Hafidhahullah) said “For the one who is sincere; Allah makes things easy for him“. By Allah, I was delighted to hear this. Prior to my travel, i heard how challenging Hajj was and how difficult people found it which made me even more apprehensive. I heard how even the most practicing of brothers can almost ruin their hajj!!! But, hearing this simple statement – made my heart at ease. It must be pointed out – I am not claiming sincerity here – Rather, I was overjoyed by the realisation that Hajj can be made easy (That it isn’t all hard/difficult/strenuous upon the soul).

As we landed in Madina, all nervousness was wiped away. The tranquillity and beauty of the land made me fall in love with this city. How pertinent is the prophetic statement: “Madinah is like a furnace, it expels out the impurities (bad persons) and selects the good ones and makes them perfect.” The people of Madina seemed at ease and this was echoed to me by a taxi driver who said “Madina is beautiful; there is none like it”. In actual fact, Madina is guarded by Angels – therefore, how can one not feel at ease?

Thereafter, we left Madina and put on our Ihram for ‘Umrah. As per the prophetic Sunnah, i ensured I applied as much perfume as possible before applying the Ihram. By the leave of Allah, I performed ‘Umrah with relative comfort. A few points to note:

a) Despite the renovations going on at the Haram, the sight of the Ka’bah never fails to delight you.                                                                                                                                         b) Making du’a at the first glance of the Ka’bah is something recommended by many scholars.                                                                                                                                                    c) During the Sa’ee – it is perfectly acceptable to wear sandals (even during Tawaf) especially as the surface is hard and may cause discomfort to those with sensitive feet.

After ‘Umrah, we entered Aziziya (Mandatory 2 day stay imposed by Govt.) where we stayed before we left for Mina. The Aziziya apartments were really good and you can bond more with your Hajj Group here as you are all within close proximity. This is in stark contrast to the hotels because, the sheer size of the hotels makes it difficult to see your fellow Hajj group members.

During the 8th day of Dhul Hijjah, we set out for Mina. This is where the serious work begins – this is what we have come for – the DAYs of HAJJ. As we wore our Ihram and boarded our coach to head off to Mina – sounds of the Talbiyyah echoed around the coach. Brothers calling out loud and proud. LABBAIK ALLAHUMMA LABBAIK..LABBAIKA LAA SHAREEKA LAKA LABBAIK..INNAL HAMDA WAN-NI’MATA LAKA WAL MULK..LAA SHARIKA LAK. SubhanAllah, when you understand the words of this statement; you realise how powerful it is. It is a call of devotion and submissiveness to Allah Jalla wa ‘ala. Take for example “LABBAIK” commonly translated as “Here I am”. Although, not wrong – the phrase has a more deeper meaning to it than that. Some of the scholars of Arabic Linguistics have mentioned that Labbaik is derived from “lLBAAB” which refers to something that is firm and upright and persistent. Therefore, what you are saying to Allah is “Oh Allah, here I am, firm in your worship, totally devoted to you“. SubhanAllah, what a statement and how perfectly convenient is this statement for the rites of Hajj. Another meaning to it is ”perpetual love” and therefore, by proclaiming LABBAIK you are proclaiming your love to Allah. You do not say Labbaik to someone except, that you love them and venerate them. 

Day 8: Go to Mina and prepare for the day of Hajj – Yawm Al-‘Arafah. Ensure you do not waste the day but, think about dua’s you want to state on the day of ‘Arafah, engage in the tilawah of the Qur’aan and other righteous actions.

Day 9: This is the day of Hajj as the prophet SAW said “Hajj is ‘Arafah”. Shaytaan will be trying his best to deter you and sway you from worship so, ensure you seek refuge in Allah from Shaytaan’s plots and be patient. Remember the virtues of the day of ‘Arafah i.e. The prophet SAW said “There is no day on which Allah frees more people from the Fire than the Day of ‘Arafah. He comes close and expresses His pride to the angels, saying, ‘What do these people want?’” (Sahih Muslim).
Seek forgiveness from Allah by contemplating upon your sins/shortcomings. Do not be afraid to let out your tears and make good use of your time. This is the day of Du’a so, ensure you raise your hands up to the lord of the heavens and earth frequently.

Have hope and take inspiration from the following narration:
‘Abdullah Bin Mubarak came to Sufyan Ath-Thawri on the eve of ‘Arafah and found him kneeling whilst, his eyes were full with tears. He asked him “Who is upon the worst of conditions in this gathering (‘Arafah)”. Sufyan replied “The one who thinks Allah will not forgive him”. SubhanAllah, never despair of the mercy of Allah.

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Posted by on September 28, 2016 in Miscellaneous


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Secret Whispers – Du’a

Alhamdulillahi Wahdahu Wassalatu Wassalam ‘Ala Man Laa Nabiyya Ba’dah.

As we traverse rapidly through the days and nights of Ramadan – we often find that during the middle stage of this glorious month we suffer burnout. Our enthusiasm that we once had wavers and we are no longer energetic in our ‘ibadaat (May Allah have mercy upon us). Consequently, our communication with our lord becomes halfhearted. The month of Ramadan is an amazing opportunity for us to gain closeness and proximity with Allah and thus, it is incumbent that during periods of stagnation we take the necessary steps to bring ourselves upon the right route again – that is the route towards Allahs pleasure.

I hope this article will allow us to become enthusiastic about making du’a to Allah so, that we genuinely are excited when we raise our hands to him.

Allah mentions in the Qur’an:

وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ ۖ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ ۖفَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ

And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.(Surat Al-Baqarah Verse 186)

Allah is hastening us to call unto him and thus, emphasising to us that he hears our calls and not only, that but, he responds to us aswell. My dear brother and sister, is it not shameful upon us when we count the favours of our lord upon us (and never will we be able to truly enumerate the blessings Allah has conferred upon us) that we do not respond back to Allah by showing gratefulness and increasing our worship? Granted, we will never be able to repay him for all the favours he has bestowed upon us for indeed, he is Al-Ghani (Free of all need) but, we ought to try and do the best we can. And what a better way than to make du’a – to communicate our needs to the one who is free of all needs – to communicate to the one that holds the key towards all that which lays within the heavens and earth. Allah loves it when we ask – no matter how small or big – for Allah’s generosity knows no bounds.

Allah is Al-Mujeeb – the one who ‘responds’. Imam Ahmad and Al-Bukhari in ‘Adab Al-Mufrad’ narrate that Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri RA reports that the prophet SAW:

“There is no Muslim that supplicates with words containing in it no sin nor, the cutting of ties of kinship except, Allah will grant this person one of 3 things:

a) Either Allah will hasten to grant this person what he has supplicated for
b) Or Allah will reserve it for him in the hereafter
c) Or he will deflect harm/evil away from him that will be equivalent to what he has asked for

The Sahabah then responded “Thus, we should ask him abundantly”. The prophet responded “Allah is greater (i.e. has more than enough resources)”.

Ponder upon the enthusiasm of the Sahabah – how delighted were they in hearing this hadeeth? They had conviction that in Allah’s hands lies control of everything. Whatever he wills, in whatever era he wills it to happen; it shall occur in a manner that he intends. His Will shall take effect without any changes – no additions nor, any subtractions. Nor, shall his Will be delayed nor brought forth. His judgement/verdict is penetrative throughout the heavens and all its regions, it penetrates through the earth and that which is over it and that which is under it. It penetrates through the seas and the atmosphere between the heavens and earth. It penetrates through every place in the world. To him belongs all of creation and commandment. To him belongs the dominion and all praise. To him belongs the Dunya and the Aakhirah.

يَسْأَلُهُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ فِي شَأْنٍ

“Whosoever is in the heavens and on earth begs of Him (its needs from Him). Every day He has a matter to bring forth (such as giving honour to some, disgrace to some, life to some, death to some, etc.)!” (Surat Al-Rahman Verse 29)

Let us now ponder upon the statements of the righteous before us re. Dua:

‘Umar Bin Al-Khattab RA: “I do not concern myself about the response (to a du’a) but, i concern myself with making Du’a. So, if i make effort in Du’a then no doubt, the response corresponds with it”

‘Umar Bin Al-Khattab RA: “Upon being scrupulous about that which Allah has proscribed does Allah accept Du’a and tasbeeh”

‘Abdullah Bin Mas’ood: “Indeed, Allah does not accept Du’a except from one who is sincere. He does not accept it from the conceited, nor the deceitful one, nor one who is not serious nor the one who is heedless. He only accepts from the one with a firm heart

Abu Al-Darda: “Supplicate to Allah in the days of your ease/happiness. Perhaps, he will answer you in the days of your hardship/harm”

Abu Al-Darda: “Persist in making du’a! For indeed, the one who persists in knocking on a door – it is only a matter of time before it gets opened for hm”

Abu Dharr: “Dutifulness suffices Du’a just like how salt suffices food” *i.e. they go hand-in hand*

Abu Bakr Ash-Shibly says regarding the statement of Allah “Call upon me and I will respond to you (40:60)”.This means call upon me without any ghaflah (heedlessness) and I shall respond to you without any Mahlah (delay)

Yahya Bin Mu’adh Ar-Razi: “My lord, i ask (call upon) you in a state of humility so, grant me favourably

Abu Bakr Bin ‘Abdillah Al-Muzani visited an ill person who asked him “Pray to Allah for me”. He responded “Call upon him yourself, for he responds to the call of the distressed

Yahya Bin Mu’adh Ar-Razi:“The response is not delayed if you supplicate (to Allah) even if the pathway is blocked by sins”

Al-Hasan said regarding the statement of Allah “Call upon me and I will respond to you (40:60)” – “Make (Du’a) and rejoice – for indeed it is a right upon Allah that he responds to those who believe, work righteous deeds and he increases them in his bounty”

Muhammad Bin Hamid asked Abu Bakr Al-Warraq “Teach me a thing that will make me closer to Allah and also, to the people”. He responded “As for gaining closeness to Allah – upon you is to ask him. As for gaining closeness to the people – then abandon asking them”

Al-Awzaa’i: “The most potent form of Du’a is one where a person insists upon Allah”

May Allah accept our deeds – our standing and fasting and may he make us amongst those who call upon him in a beautiful way.

Our lord, accept from us – Indeed you are the All-hearing, All-knowing.

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Posted by on June 25, 2016 in Eemaan Boosters, Miscellaneous


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A Glimpse Into The Life of Imam Az-Zuhri رحمه الله

Name: (Abu Bakr) Muhammad Bin Muslim Bin ”Ubayd Bin ‘Abdillah Bin Shihaab Bin ‘Abdillah Bin Al-Haarith Bin Zuhrah Bin Kilaab Bin Murrah Bin Ka’b Bin Lu’ay Bin Ghaalib

Born: 50/51 AH

He was a scholar renowned for the power of his memory, Rahimahullah. A testament to this is Imam Adh-Dhahabis narrative that he memorised the entire Qur’aan in 80 days! He also states

I never ask for a hadeeth to be repeated nor did I ever have doubt upon a hadeeth (vis-a-vis accuracy) except one for which I sought verification of from my companion. I found that it was exactly as i had memorised!”

Such an exemplary character. Al-Layth reports that Az-Zuhri said “I did not entrust anything unto my heart that I forgot“. Such abilities are an indication of the greatness of Allah and how he had blessed Az-Zuhri with an incredible memory.

Az-Zuhri recommended raisins as an aid to one’s memorisation. Isma’eel Al-Makki reports that he heard Az-Zuhri say: “Whoever’s delight lies in memorising hadeeth, let him eat raisins (to assist in his quest)”. 

He used to dislike eating apples stating that it causes forgetfulness whereas, consuming honey aids memory.


Sufyan Bin ‘Uyaynah: I saw Az-Zuhri with reddish hair and beard. His reddish hair began to fade. It seemed as if he had applied Katam (A type of plant used to dye hair). As-Sufyan also said that Az-Zuhri was bleary-eyed.

Ya’qub Bin ‘Abdirrahmann: I saw Az-Zuhri to be a short man, with a small beard, scattered hair but, not so much facial hair.


Sahl Bin Sa’ad (RA), Anas Bin Malik (RA), Muhammad Bin Rabee’, Abi Tufail ‘Aamir, ‘Alqamah Bin Waqqas, ‘Urwah Bin Zubair, Abi Idrees Al-Khawlani, ‘Ali Bin Al-Hussain, ‘Abdul Malik Bin Marwan, Muhammad Bin Nu’man Bin Basheer, ‘Abdullah Bin Ka’b Bin Malik, Sa’eed Bin Al-Musayyib and many others


‘Ataa Bin Abi Rabah, ‘Amar Bin Dinar, ‘Amar Bin Shu’ayb, Zaid Bin Aslam, Qatadah Bin Du’aamah, Mansoor Bin Al-Mu’tamar, Ayyub As-Sukhtiyani, Yahya Bin Sa’eed Al-Ansari, Salih Bin Kaysaan, ‘Aqeel Bin Khalid,  Ziyad Bin Sa’d, Awzaa’i, Ibrahim Bin Sa’d and many more.


Layth Bin Sa’d reports: “He was the most generous amongst the people. He gave to those all those who came to him and sought from him to such an extent that he would even borrow from his servants (if he had to). Allah had granted him much patience and tolerance as either a man would be requesting something of him or would be trying to sell him something dogmatically. He also used to feed the people gruel and give them honey to drink..”

It was said to Az-Zuhri: “The people do not find fault with you except, for your (high level of) debt. He replied “And how much is my debt? My debt is only 20,000 dinars! I have 5 springs belonging to me. Each spring is worth 40,000 dinars! There is no one to inherit from this except, my grandson and i do not mind if he doesn’t inherit (as he was a faasiq – venial sinner)”. SubhanAllah, this story shows how generous Az-Zuhri was. He amassed debt because of his charity towards the people yet, he did not mind this in the slightest. He refered to his debt as “ONLY 20,000 dinars!”. He was truly a man who placed no value for the dunya as he was a visionary aiming to cement his place in the perpetual gardens of peace in the Aakhirah!

It was said to the nephew of Az-Zuhri: “Did your uncle ever used to apply perfume?”. He replied “I used to smell the fragrance of musk emanating from the mouth of his riding beast!”.

Az-Zuhri was once being praised by a man upon which Az-Zuhri gave him his shirt. It was said “Did you give (your shirt) due to the (mere) speech of (a man who is satanic) Ash-Shaytaan?”. He replied “Indeed, amongst the aims of (enjoining) good is to prevent evil”. Allahu Akbar..what a response…perhaps, he gave his shirt so, the man may change his ways due to the kindness displayed by Az-Zuhri.

Ziyad Bin As’ad said to Az-Zuhri “Your (explanations of) Hadeeth amaze me. However, I do not possess the (financial) means to travel to you”. He replied “Come to me and I shall narrate to you the ahadeeth and will also cover your expenses!”

‘Amar Bin Deenar: “I have not seen anyone view the Dinar and Dirham (money) more lowlier than Az-Zuhri” (because, of his unhesitant ways of charity – any chance he would get to donate – he would do so)


The following incident narrates the bravery of this great man and how he was not afraid to speak the truth despite, the potential repercussions that may have resulted:

Sulayman Bin Yassar entered upon the calipha – Hisham Bin ‘Abdil Malik and was asked “Oh Sulayman, who is responsible for spreading the malicious rumour about A’isha RA? He replied “Ibn Salool (A.K.A Abdullah Ibn Ubayy)”. Hisham said “You have lied..rather, it was ‘Ali (RadiyAllahu ‘Anhu)”. Sulayman kept quiet despite, knowing it was indeed, Ibn Salool. Thereafter, Az-Zuhri entered and was asked “Oh Ibn Shihaab – who is responsible for spreading the malicious rumour about A’isha RA?” He said “Ibn Ubayy (Ibn Salool)”. Hisham said to him “You have lied..rather, it was ‘Ali”. Az-Zuhri said

“I am lying?….By Allah, if a caller from the heavens was to call out – ‘Indeed, Allah has permitted lying‘ – i still would not lie! Sa’eed (Ibn-l Musayyib), ‘Urwah (Ibn Zubair), ‘Ubaydullah and ‘Alqamah bin Waqqas have all narrated to me from A’ishah that it was ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy who spread the rumours. (The 4 individuals referred to were big renowned scholars). This caused jealousy to surface. Hisham said to Az-Zuhri “Leave! By Allah, it is not befitting for us to tolerate the likes of you”.

What a great example of a proponent of truth! Where are the likes of Az-Zuhri today?


I could not obtain any information with regards to this – Rahimahullah


Salih Bin Kaysaan: “Myself and Az-Zuhri gathered together to seek knowledge. We said “We will write down the Sunan”. So, i wrote down whatever was transmitted from the prophet SAW. Thereafter he said “We should write down whatever was transmitted from the Sahabah for it is the Sunnah. I replied “It is not, so, we shall not write it down”. However, he still wrote it down whilst, i did. Accordingly, he was successful whilst, i was not”.

‘Amar Bin Deenar: “I have not seen anyone with more insight regarding Hadeeth than Ibn Shihaab”

‘Umar Bin ‘Abdil Azeez said to his gathering “Have you gone to meet Ibn Shihaab?”. They replied “(No but) We shall do so”. Upon which he stated “Visit him, for there remains no one more knowledgeable about the sunnah than him”

It was said to Mahkool: “Who is the most knowledgeable person you met?”. He replied “Ibn Shihaab”. It was asked “Who next?”. He replied “Ibn Shihaab”. It was asked “Who next?”. He replied “Ibn Shihaab”.

Sufyan Bin ‘Uyaynah: “I sat in the gatherings of Al-Hasan and others. But, i have never seen the likes of Az-Zuhri”

Imam Malik: “Whenever he used to enter Madeenah, no one would narrate anything (Ahadeeth etc) until, he had left the city” (A testament to the knowledge of Az-Zuhri and the respect he had attained in the eyes of the scholars)

The Imaam (May Allaah have mercy upon him) passed away in the year 124 [After Hijrah].

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Posted by on June 12, 2016 in Biographies


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The Art of Divine Communication (Ad-Du’a)

Contemplate, Oh Muslim, upon the words of your father – Ibrahim AS

وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا ۖإِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ ﴿١٢٧ رَبَّنَا وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِنَا أُمَّةً مُّسْلِمَةً لَّكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ ﴿١٢٨ رَبَّنَا وَابْعَثْ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing. Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” (Surat Al-Baqarah Verses 127 – 129)

What a beautiful invocation. Each Du’a ends with a reference to Allah’s lofty names and attributes. Sometimes the heart merely repeats such beautiful names without due reflection. What does it mean when we say “Indeed you are the hearing, the knowing….Indeed, you are accepting of repentance and the bestower of mercy…Indeed, you are the exalted in might, the wise”. Let us try to expound on this inshaAllah.

As-Samee’ (All-Hearing)

This is a name of Allah that has appeared in approximately 50 places in the Qur’aan. As-Samee’ refers to the one who hears all voices regardless, of the differences within languages and variety of requests made. Indeed, his hearing extends to voices both, concealed and made apparent.

The attribute of hearing can be classified into 2 categories:

  1. Hearing refers to the acknowledgement of the voices/requests that are made.
  2. Hearing refers to response (i.e. Allah has heard you and is now responding to you)

The first category (acknowledgement of voices/calls/requests) is split into 3 further categories:

a) The attribute of hearing gives the notion of a threat/warning. i.e. be aware, Indeed, Allah does hear you!

For instance, when Allah refers to the criminals destined for the hellfire: –

“Or do they think that We hear not their secrets and their private conversations? Yes, [We do], and Our messengers are with them recording. (Surat Az-Zukhruf Verse 80)”

b) The attribute of hearing gives the notion of assistance

For instance, when Allah said to Musa AS and Haroon AS

“[Allah] said, “Fear not. Indeed, I am with you both; I hear and I see.” (Surat At-Taha Verse 46)

c) The attribute of hearing refers to hearing a dialogue/speech

For instance:

“Certainly has Allah heard the speech of the one who argues with you, [O Muhammad], concerning her husband and directs her complaint to Allah. And Allah hears your dialogue; indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing” (Surat Al-Mujadilah Verse 1)

Oh reader! How can you ever despair when you have As-Samee’ as your custodian? Indeed, he hears your call and vanquishes your perils

Al-‘Aleem (All-knowing)

This name appears more than 150 times in the Qur’aan. Al-A’leem refers to the one whose knowledge encompasses the external and internal matters. His knowledge extends to affairs that are revealed/out-in-the-open and those that are kept hidden. His knowledge extends to that which was in the past, that which is in the present and that which is in the future. When the believer ponders upon this name of Allah sincerely – he/she becomes much more conscious over his.her actions.

Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ameen Ash-Shinqeeti said “the scholars are agreed that this (name/attribute) serves as the greatest admonition and wake-up call (to the believer) to have descended from the heavens to the earth”.

This point is exemplified by the following narration reported by Ibn Rajab:

There was a man who wanted to seduce a woman. He had ordered her to close all the doors (in the house) and then asked her “Are there any doors left unclosed?”. She responded “Yes, the door between us and Allah”. This response was enough to subdue the man who did not proceed with his intention.

Ibn Katheer RHM said re. Allahs name Al-‘Aleem:

Allah informs us that his knowledge is complete, perfect and encompasses all things – no matter if they are of a distinguished nature nor, matter if they are big nor, matter how subtle nor dexterous the matter is. He does this in order to alert mankind about his knowledge of them so, they may display the rightful amount of modesty and taqwa before him. He does this so, they are vigilant of him. For indeed, Allah is knowledgeable about that which deceives the eyes ...”

Know my dear reader – not a leaf falls from a tree without his knowledge encompassing it. When you call upon your lord; have conviction that Al-‘Aleem is fully aware of your circumstances and your call will not go in vain.

At-Tawaab (Acceptor of repentance)

At-Tawaab refers to the one who forgives whom he wills from his slaves by giving them the ability to repent in the first place. Know, oh beloved reader, that sincere repentance paves the way towards haviing your Ad’iyah (supplications) accepted. Ponder upon the story of Imam Ahmad & the Baker.

Ar-Raheem (Bestower of mercy)

Allah’s mercy overcomes his wrath. This latter statement alone fills the heart with joy! Do you not see that he provides for the disbeliever despite, the disbeliever rejecting the message of Islam? Does he not feed them and quench their thirst? Such is the mercy of Allah!

Ponder this, oh reader,,,,when a person fears another person – naturally, he would flee AWAY from his opponent but, when a believer fears Allah – he FLEES TO HIM. Allahu Akbar! Never despair in the mercy of Allah. For indeed, Allahs mercy knows no bounds. However, his mercy is of 2 kinds (General and Specific). His general mercy extends to ALL of mankind regardless, of faith. However, his specific mercy only envelops the believers. This is the mercy that pertains to Imaan, Religion and the affairs of the world and the hereafter. This is via granting them the ability to obey him and enjoin the good, This specific mercy is what keeps the believers steadfast and grants them entry into Jannah and saves them from Jahannum.

Al-‘Azeez (Exalted in might)

This name appears approximately 100 times in the Qur’aan. Al-‘Azeez refers to the one who possesses all forms of honour. There are predominantly 3 forms of honour:

a) Honour via strength. 

Verily, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty” (Surat Al-Hajj Verse 74)

b) Honour via enrichment

He is free of all needs..the creation cannot harm nor benefit him. He is solely the benefactor (benefitting whom he wills) and inhibitor (withholding benefit).

c) Honour via subjugation

All of creation are subdued before Allah’s might. They are submissive to his greatness and will. Everything is in his hands. Nothing moves or becomes inanimate except, by his leave! Whatever Allah wills, happens….and whatever he does not will..does not!

Al-Hakeem (The wise)

This name of Allah appears close to a 100 times in the Qur’aan. This name hghlights the perfect and complete wisdom that belongs to Allah. He is the sole legislator and there is no one that can repel his ordainments

“And Allah judges, there is none to put back His Judgement and He is Swift at reckoning.” (Surat Ar-Ra’d Verse 41)

The above names are to be utilised in Du’a from a perspective of awe and hope. The believer should call upon Allah using his names and attributes that he has manifested unto himself. The aforementioned names are just a few amongst many of Allahs names. However, those briefly expounded upon in this article apply to a whole range of scenarios and circumstances. For indeed, if you are a sinner – call upon At-Tawwab, if you feel disheartened, call upon Ar-Rahman, if you are oppressed, call upon Al-‘Azeez, if you are lost and confused, call upon As-Samee’ and Al-‘Aleem!

May Allah make us amongst those whom he loves and those who frequent in the art of making du’a to him with a fully submissive and humble heart..Aameen

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Posted by on January 25, 2016 in Miscellaneous


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The Advent of Winter

Bismillah Wal-hamdulillah Wassalaatu Wassalaam ‘alaa rasoolillah

After hearing a Khutbah recently on the fruitfulness of Winter to a believer’s life; it reminded me of when i first came across a khutbah exploring the virtues that Winter brings to the Muslim’s life – A khutbah by Sheikh Khalid Al-Musleh Hafidhahullah. I feel this is extremely pertinent – especially to Muslims living in the west as we enter upon an era with long nights and short days. It is easy to become lazy during these days and become sluggish in our zeal to go the extra mile in pursuit of our religious activities and endeavours. Thus, it becomes imperative that the believer reminds his/herself of the wisdom behind the changes in season and why, in fact, the winter should actually bring a smile to the believers face!

Undoubtedly, the different seasons that we experience is from Allah’s immense and far-reaching wisdom. It keeps us on our toes and the change in season should prompt a vigour of astuteness within us via a series of questions: How can we take advantage of this? What should i do differently? How should i prepare for this?

It is the latter question that the Sahabah had responded to so efficiently! Their actions and statement epitomised their desire to exploit all circumstances to their favour. Is it any wonder then why we marvel at the statement of the great ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab RA when he said regarding the advent of winter: –

Winter is the booty of the obedient ones

This statement is further emphasised upon by Ibn Mas’ood who sad

Welcome Oh Winter, In it descends immense blessings – Its nights are lengthened for Qiyaam (Al-Layl) and its days are shortened for fasts

SubhanAllah! The changes and variations in the course of the year is a sign of the mercy of Allah! It may be the case that we find standing in the depths of the night too difficult for us in other parts of the year – yet, Allah wants so much good for us that he allows us to enter a season in which standing during the night is easy for us! It fills the heart with joy when one realises how much Allah continues to shower his blessings upon us despite, our shortcomings. Ergo, the statement of Allah: –

يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْر

Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship(Al-Baqarah V.185)

Imam As-Sa’di RHM mentions in his tafseer of this verse:

“Allah wishes to facilitate for you the path to his pleasure in the greatest and easiest of ways. Thus, every commandment of Allah upon his slaves are ordained in a manner that enjoins ease upon them..”

As a result, the benevolence of Allah should be met with thankfulness from the servants and a determined attitude to become from the close allies of Allah. Certainly, the proof of a believers gratitude towards Allah is in his ‘Ibadah. Therefore, Oh Muslim, increase in the worship of Allah and take advantage of the mercy that Allah has bestowed upon you in the form of winter!

May Allah make us amongst the forerunners in this blessed month and the months to come…Aameen

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Posted by on November 15, 2015 in Miscellaneous


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Al-Hams Vs Al-Jahr

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The characteristics of the letters used in the Qur’an can be split into 2 categories: – Characteristics which have an opposite and those which do not.

Characteristics which have an opposite can be split into 4 divisions:

The first of these is Al-Hams vs Al-Jahr.

Al-Jahr refers to the absence of the impact of ones breath after pronouncing particular letters due, to the strength of the letter pronounced. Whereas, Al-Hams refers to how the effects of the breath extends after pronouncing a particular letter because, the letter is considered a weak letter. As a result, when a letter is from Mahmoos (i.e. has characteristic of Al-Hams); when pronounced = you can hear the effects of the air in the sound of the letter.

The sheikh in the video gives an example of Al-Hams with the letter Faa (46 seconds into the video) i.e. اَفْ.

As one can see, the letter faa when pronounced includes abit of air in the pronounciation. (During Qur’an recitation, one would not exaggerate upon the faa as seen in the video; but, the sheikh is merely pronouncing it this way in order to make the characteristic of Al-Hams clear to everyone listening)

Whereas, for letters that have the characteristic of Al-Jahr – there is no air within the pronunciation. This is because the letters of Al-Jahr are domineering and do not allow the impact of ones breath to be heard. For instance, تَعْقِلُونَ. When ‘ayn is pronounced – there is no air due, to the inhibited impact of one’s breath when pronouncing the letter.

The letters of Al-Hams are 10 and collated in the memorable phrase

فحثه شخص سكت

“Fa-hathu-hu shakhsun sakath”

All other letters excluding the above have the characteristics of Al-Jahr.

Note: Although, examples were given using phrases in the sukoon form – Al-Jahr and Al-Hams are general characteristics and are not restricted to sukoon form. Examples were given using sukoon to make it easy to comprehend.

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Posted by on October 5, 2015 in Tajweed


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