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Qiyam Al-Layl: The Tranquility of the Believer (4)

Bismillah Was-Salaatu Was-salaam ‘alaa Rasoolillah:

The ruling on Qiyam Al-Layl

Ibn Abdil Barr RHM:

Some of the Tabi’een opined for the odd view that Qiyam Al-Layl is obligatory, even if the duration of it was the equivalent to the time taken to milk a sheep (a short duration)! However, the majority of the scholars held the view that it is recommended…..

Matters which make performing Qiyam Al-Layl easier

Know that Qiyam Al-Layl is difficult upon the creation except, for the whom Allah grants the ability to perform it. Qiyam Al-Layl has factors that make it easier and they number in 7 which are internal and external factors.

As for the External factors: –

1) That a person does not excessively eat or drink which causes him to be overcome by sleep. Ergo, the statement of some of the predecessors: Do not eat in abundance to such an extent where you will drink in abdundance to such an extent where you will sleep in abundance!

2) That a person does not tire himself out during the day in actions which exhaust the body and nerves as this is also a cause for (domineering) sleep.

3) That a person does not leave out the Qayloolah (mid-afternoon nap) during the day as this assists one in getting up for Qiyam Al-Layl.

4) That a person refrains from excessive sins during the day for this hardens the heart and acts as a barrier between him and mercy (to grant the ability to perform Qiyam Al-Layl).

The kings do not allow anyone to be in seclusion with them nor, call upon them except the people of obedience, affability and sincerity. It was said to Ibn Mas’ood RA: “We cannot pray Qiyam Al-Layl!”. He replied “Sins have distanced you”. A man said to Al-Hasan: “I cannot get up for Qiyam Al-Layl, so, prescribe for me a remedy”. He replied “Do not sin during the day for it acts as an assessor between it and the night”. Ath-Thawri said “I was deprived from Qiyam Al-Layl for 5 months because of a sin i committed!”. Al-Hasan once entered the market and heard the peoples clamour and drollery and said “I think the night of these people will be an evil one”.

All sins reap a hard heart and thus, prevent a person from Qiyam Al-Layl. And a more specific cause of prevention is in the attainment of Haram provision (proscribed matters). A morsel of permissible provision has an impact in the refinement of the heart and its engagement towards good to such an extent that  it is not matched by any other factor. And this was acknowledged by the people of Muraqabah (watchfulness/insight/diligence) via experiences. Thus, some of them said: How many (impermissible) food items have prevented one from Qiyam during the night and how many (impermissible) glances have prevented one from the recital of a surah. Indeed, a servant may eat or engage in something haram and consequently, may be prevented from Qiyam for a year!

As for the internal factors: –

1) Safeguarding the heart from heresy and malice towards the Muslims. Also, to safeguard the heart from being excessively concerned with the matters of the Dunya. For indeed, engrossment in contemplating matters pertaining to the Dunya doe not assist in making Qiyam Al-Layl easy for a person. Even if a person managed to wake up for Qiyam Al-Layl, they would not be able to focus on the prayer.

2) The heart should be overwhelmed with fear (of Jahannum/displeasng Allah) combined with reducing vain hopes. For, when a servant contemplates upon the abysses of Jahannum and the matters of the Aakhirah – his sleep would fly away!

‘Abdullah Ibn Rawahah RA said: Verily, when Jannah is mentioned, the servant of Allahs longing for it increases and when Jahannum is mentioned, he swarms away from it!

3) That a person acknowledges (learns) the virtues of Qiyam Al-Layl until, the yearning for it settles into his heart for which causes him to long for it.

Ibn Munkadir: There remains no delight in the Dunya except, for 3: Qiyam Al-Layl, Meeting with the brothers and prayer in congregation.

Abu Sulayman: The people of the night (those who engage in Qiyam Al-Layl) delight more in their nights than the people of amusement in their drollery. And if it was not for the night, then i would prefer not to remain in the Dunya!

When the eyes of the people used to subside (sleep); Ibn Mas’ood would stand (in prayer) and a noise would be heard from him like the ringing of bees (as he recited in prayer).

May Allah make us from the Mutahajjideen, allow us to taste the sweetness of this great worship, May Allah allow us to be *thankful slaves* by giving us the ability to enjoy the gift of Qiyam Al-Layl that he has bestowed upon us…Truly, he is the oft-giving, most merciful…Aameen

 
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Posted by on January 15, 2015 in Eemaan Boosters, Miscellaneous

 

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Qiyam Al-Layl: The Tranquillity of the Believer (3)

Bismillah Walhamdulillah Was-Salaatu Wassalaam ‘alaa Rasoolilah:

The Night Vigil of the Prophet SAW:

1 – The Length of the Prophet’s Qiyam Al-Layl

On the authority of ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood RA who said: “I prayed with the prophet SAW one night and he did not cease standing to such an extent that an evil thought entered upon me!. It was asked “What was that?”. He replied “I was thinking of sitting down and leaving the prophet!!!”. (Bukhari)

Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar commentates on the aforementioned said:

This hadeeth is evident in the prophets predilection of lengthening the prayer during the night. Ibn Mas’ood was a strong man who was capable of following the example of the prophet SAW. However, his thought of sitting did not come to him until, after a lengthy period of time had elapsed of that which he was not normally used to! Thus, a lot of the companions and others opted for the opinion that performing more rukoo’ (bowing) and sujood (Prostrations) is preponderate (thereby, standing for a shorter period of time). Ergo, the hadeeth of Thawban RA in Saheeh Muslim who stated: “The most preponderate of actions is a plethora of prostrations“. It becomes apparent that there is a contradiction in the stances taken however, this is merely due to the differences in the people and their circumstances. It was also narrated in Muslim on the authority of Hudhaifah RA that he prayed with prophet SAW one night. The prophet recited Al-Baqarah, Al-‘Imran & An-Nisaa in one raka’ah. And when he passed by a verse in which the glorification of Allah was mentioned – he glorified him. And if he passed by a verse which mentioned asking, he would ask Allah or if the verse mentioned seeking refuge, he would seek refuge. Thereafter, he performed rukoo’ (bow) at the same length as his standing and thereafter, a similar time was taking for the sajdah and thereafter, he stood again. This example brought forth is oblique in terms of the time length but, perhaps both were awake the entire night in prayer! As for the prophets prayer in nights other this one then the narration of A’isha RA states that he used to stand for a period of time equivalent to a third of the night.

2 – The number of units in the night prayer of the prophet SAW

On the authority of ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood RA who narrated that a man asked “Oh messenger of Allah, how is the night prayer performed?”. He replied “2 (units) by 2 (units) and if you fear dawn approaching, then perform 1 unit of the witr prayer” (Bukhari)

A’isha RA said: The prophet SAW used to pray used to offer thirteen Rakat of the night prayer and that included the Witr and two Rakat (Sunna) of the Fajr prayer.

Also, A’isha reported: The prophet SAW used to offer 11 raka’at of prayer in between the completion of Isha uptil Fajr. He used to make tasleem after every 2 raka’at and then offer 1 raka’at of witr. (Bukhari & Muslim)

3 – When did the prophet SAW stand up for Qiyam Al-Layl?

On the authority of Anas Ibn Malik RA who said: The prophet SAW used to abstain from fasting from a month until, we assumed he would never fast! and he used to fast to such an extent, we assumed he will never break it! And you would never have wished to see him praying except, that i witnessed him nor sleeping, except that i witnessed him! (Bukhari).

Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr states in Al-Fath:

It is established upon the prophet SAW that he would stand during the first part of the night, its middle and its end until, he was informed about the most beloved of “Qiyaam” to Allah: It is mentioned in the hadeeth of ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Amr Bin Al-‘Aas RAM: “The most beloved prayer to Allah is that of Dawood AS and the most beloved fasts to Allah are those of Dawood AS. He used to sleep for half of the night and then pray (make Qiyaam) for one third of the night and again sleep for its sixth part and used to fast on alternate days. (Bukhari)”

Al-Mullahab states:

Dawood AS used to rest his self (in order so, his body could recover strength) by sleeping in the first portion of the night. Thereafter, he used to stand (in prayer) during the period in which Allah calls out “Is there anyone in need of a request; so, i could give him what he requests?” (i.e. in the last third of the night)? Thereafter, he would sleep in order to rest from standing during the night. This sleep used to occur during “As-Sahr” (just before daylight). This routine is more preferable than allowing oneself to take prlonged breaks out of fear that the body will become tired. Indeed, Allah said: “Allah never gets tired of giving rewards till you get tired of doing good deeds. (Bukhari)”. Allah loves to perpetuate his favours and benevolence. And this routine (of Dawood) is the most forbearing (on the soul) because sleeping after standing relaxes the body and repels the aches obtained from standing and wilting of the body which is not the case if one remains awake till the morning. Another benefit to be gained from this routine is that a person approaches the morning prayer (Fajr) and performs the Adhkaar An-Nahaar (supplication of the morning) with enthusiasm and attentiveness. Furthermore, this is a measure that aims to prevent him/her from Riyaa (Ostentatiousness) because whoever, sleeps the last sixth of the night awakens with a sound and healthy appearance (as opposed to a weary and tired figure). This is more closer to concealing ones preceding actions (of the night) from one who may see him (in the morning). And this is what Ibn Daqeeq has also touched upon.

May Allah make us from those who observe the night prayer…Aameen

 
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Posted by on January 11, 2015 in Miscellaneous

 

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Qiyam Al-Layl: The Tranquillity of the Believer (2)

Bismillah Walhamdulillah Was-salaatu Was-salaam ‘alaa Rasoolillah

Some of the gems from the Qur’an and Sunnah regarding Qiyam Al-Layl are as follows:

Allah says regarding those who engage in the night prayer:

تَتَجَافَىٰ جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, they spend. (Surat Al-Sajdah Verse 16)

Thereafter, the end-result of this action is mentioned:

فَلَا تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ مَّا أُخْفِيَ لَهُم مِّن قُرَّةِ أَعْيُنٍ جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

And no soul knows what has been hidden for them of comfort for eyes as reward for what they used to do. (Surat Al-Sajdah Verse 17)
Allah says in his description of the Muhsineen (Good-doers):

كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ ﴿١٧ وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ

They used to sleep but little of the night, And in the hours before dawn they would ask forgiveness, (Surat Adh-Dhariyat Verses 17-18).
It has been transmitted from Qatadah, Mujahid and others that the meaning of the above verse is that they did not used to sleep in the night until, the morning. Ibn ‘Abbas RA said that the meaning meant that no night preceded them except, they took a portion from it (i.e. spent a portion of it in prayer).
Allah also says:

أَمَّنْ هُوَ قَانِتٌ آنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ سَاجِدًا وَقَائِمًا يَحْذَرُ الْآخِرَةَ وَيَرْجُو رَحْمَةَ رَبِّهِ

Is one who is devoutly obedient during periods of the night, prostrating and standing [in prayer], fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord, [like one who does not]? (Surat Az-Zumar Verse 9)

Sheikh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said that the meaning of Al-Qunoot (noun: devoutly):

Persistent in worship; when in prayer – he lengthens his standing in it, his bowing in it or his prostrating in it. This is the one who is devout (Qaanit)

Allah says in his description of the qualities possessed by the slaves of Ar-Rahmaan:

وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا

And those who spend [part of] the night to their Lord prostrating and standing [in prayer] (Surat Al-Furqan Verse 64)

Al-Bukhari mentions the following hadeeth in his chapter entitled “Chapter on the virtues of Qiyam Al-Layl”:

Narrated Ibn `Umar (RA):

If a man saw a dream during the lifetime of the Prophet (SAW) he would narrate it to the Prophet. Once I wished to see a dream and narrate it to the Prophet I was young, unmarried, and used to sleep in the Mosque during the lifetime of the Prophet. I dreamt that two angels took me and went away with me towards the (Hell) Fire which looked like a well with the inside walls built up, and had two side-walls like those of a well. There I saw some people in it whom I knew. I started saying: “I seek Refuge with Allah from the (Hell) Fire, I seek Refuge with Allah from the (Hell) Fire.” Then another angel met the other two and said to me: “Do not be afraid.”

I narrated my dream to Hafsa (RA) who, in her turn, narrated it to the Prophet (SAW). He said: “What an excellent man ‘Abdullah is…if he only observes the night prayer.”

Salem (a sub-narrator) said:

“Abdullah used not to sleep at night but very little hence forward.”

It can be seen from the statement: “What an excellent man ‘Abdullah is..” that the compliance with prayer during the night fits the description of “an excellent man”. Another benefit that can be derived from the aforementioned hadeeth is that the engagement in Qiyam Al-Layl (night prayer) repels the punishment of Allah.

In the hadeeth of Abu Hureirah RA it mentions the prophet SAW said: “The best of prayers after the prescribed obligatory prayers is Qiyam Al-Layl” (Muslim).

Also, ‘Ali Bin Abi Talib RA informed that “the prophet SAW entered upon me and Fatima RA (The prophet’s daughter) one night and said “Won’t you two pray?”. I replied “Oh messenger of Allah, our lives are in the hands of Allah, if he want us to get up, he will make us get up”. The prophet SAW went away without saying anything and thereafter, I heard him saying whilst, hitting his thigh: –

وَكَانَ الْإِنسَانُ أَكْثَرَ شَيْءٍ جَدَلًا

 “…But, man is ever more quarrelsome than anything.” (Surat Al-Kahf Verse 54). [Bukhari]
Ibn Battaal said: In this narration, the virtues of Qiyam Al-Layl are mentioned in addition to awakening ones family and kindred from sleep (for prayer). 
At-Tabari said: If the prophet SAW did not know of the magnitude of the virtues of prayer during the night, he would not bother his daughter (Fatima) and the son of his uncle (Ali Bin Abi Talib) during a period in which Allah has created “rest” for his creation. But, he opted to allow them to achieve/realise that virtue.
May Allah make us from amongst the night vigils….Aameen
 
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Posted by on January 2, 2015 in Miscellaneous

 

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Qiyam Al-Layl: The Tranquillity of the Believer

الحمد لله الذي جعل الصلاة راحة للمؤمنين، ومفزعاً للخائفين، ونوراً للمستوحشين، والصلاة والسلام على إمام المصلين المتهجدين، وسيد الراكعين والساجدين، وعلى آله وصحبه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين… أما بعد:

As we journey through the toils of this life; we often find that we are in a place whereby our limbs become fatigued and our mental state becomes plagued with an innate desire to be in a state of tranquillity and calmness. Consequently, our behaviour and conduct becomes robotic; no longer do we find that happiness or joy that we once knew. Our life becomes bland and we crave to experience jubilation, delight and exuberance from merely living life. These emotions are indispensable to us as they can immediately exile a person from the darkness of sluggishness into the radiance of life. Such powerful emotions are an invaluable source of nourishment for our souls and this manifests into a communal cultivation land whereby, others benefit from the positivity that surrounds us.

As Muslims we must realise that this compelling sense of tranquillity is only achieved by attaining nearness to Allah – The supreme and mighty. One of the most rewarding ways to achieve this great feat is by traversing through the night via Qiyaam Al-Layl (The night prayer). The night prayer (Tahajjud/Qiyam Al-Layl) is a source of relaxation and comfort for the believer. As the believer awakens at night, whilst, mankind remains oblivious to his footsteps – he retreats to a period of seclusion and spends his night bowing, prostrating and invoking the one whom perpetuation of praise is rightfully due upon – Allah SWT. Such a relationship is one to be envious of for indeed, Qiyaam Al-Layl is a sign of a person whom Allah loves as he has given him the ability to forsake his soft bed to engage in a journey that takes him to a different realm – the realm of the hereafter.

The Mutahajjid (One who engages in Qiyam Al-Layl) calls out to his lord in the depths of the night whilst, acknowledging the potency and efficacy of supplications made at this preponderant time. He bears his heart out to his master whilst, knowing with certainty that his merciful lord hears his every whisper. It is this conviction that penetrates his heart that allows him to feel at ease and in comfort. He finds joy in praising Allah and in glorifying and thanking him. No longer does he feel the stresses and turmoil of his worldly affairs. No longer does he feel his heart narrowing by being worn down with the horridness that confronts him every day. He now experiences richness in his heart as he knows he has a loving lord who sustains and provides for him. This richness that encapsulates his heart gives him the strength and perseverance to achieve the unexpected. It empowers him with a sense of purpose and he finds himself being released from the chains of depression that used to shackle him. He realises that Qiyaam Al-Layl enriches his soul with a sweetness that brings internal elation and melts down the most bitter of attacks the world throws at him.

Qiyam Al-Layl is a form of ammunition which empowers the Muslim. He experiences a closeness to Allah that he never experienced before. He tastes the sweetness of worship and becomes enticed by it to the extent whereby, missing it becomes a source of misery for him. Thus, the pious predecessors used to make up Qiyam Al-Layl in the day if they did not partake in it during the night. Such concern for a supererogatory action only increases its importance and effectiveness in the life of the believer.

We ask Allah to make us from those who experience the tranquillity of the night in which the heart finds delightOh Allah make us amongst your special ones who are persistent in the performance of the night prayer….Aameen

 
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Posted by on December 26, 2014 in Miscellaneous

 

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In Pursuit of Happiness (Part 3)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


In the Name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The One Who Bestows His Mercy


Indeed, Allah has made it clear that good will come to the people of Eemaan. They are the happy ones because have engrossed themselves in the worship of Allah and all that which pleases him. Allah says:

قل من حرم زينة الله التي أخرج لعباده والطيبات من الرزق قل هي للذين آمنوا في الحياة الدنيا خالصة يوم القيامة
Say, “Who has forbidden the adornment of Allah which He has produced for His servants and the good [lawful] things of provision?” Say, “They are for those who believe during the worldly life [but] exclusively for them on the Day of Resurrection.” (Surat Al-A’raf Verse 32)
The adornments can be expanded to all sorts of good and not just limited to clothes and food. Rather, the one who created the heavens and the earth has the capacity to deliver gifts to his righteous slaves that will be the delight of their eyes and be a source of both, external and internal contentment. As a result, the believer increases in his efforts to please his lord because, now, he has developed a liking to worship. He has now entered into a different realm that transcends the boundaries of this world and enters into a new realm…he has now become a visionary for the Aakhirah. His aspirations of happiness are no longer the transient objects/titles of this world rather, he aims for something greater. His heart is enriched by aspiring to reach a greater feat and that is the delight that awaits the righteous slave in the hereafter. Is it any wonder why the great caliph ‘Umar Bin ‘Abdil ‘Azeez stated the following:
“Oh Fatima (his wife), Indeed, I possess an ambitious soul. I do not achieve a feat except, I desire something greater than it. I had desired to become the Ameer. Thus, when I had obtained this feat, I had a desire within me to become the Caliph. And now that I have achieved this, I desire something better than it and that is Jannah!”.
Be visionaries of the hereafter, my dear friends. Have ambitious souls and do not settle for just being average. An ambitious soul, however, must be combined with a key element within Islam. This is the concept of Tawakkul ‘ala- Allah (Reliance upon Allah). It is said that Tawakkul is the keys towards happiness.
For how many people were empty and had no ammunition to achieve their targets yet, managed to defy the odds? How many were futile in their attempts to achieve their goals yet, their luck had changed? Such individuals had turned to the one who is Al-Qadeer and Al-Qawi (The All-Powerful and Strong). They turned to the one who says about himself:

إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُ إِذَا أَرَادَ شَيْئًا أَنْ يَقُولَ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ

“His command is only when He intends a thing that He says to it, “Be,” and it becomes.” (Surah Ya-Sin Verse 82)
Thus, Allah facilitates care for his servants from every harm that may come his/her way. Allah says:

وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَتَوَكَّلُوا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ

And Upon Allah, place your trust, if you are indeed believers.” (Surat Al-Maa’idah Verse 23)

What fulfilment does one need after this? Sufficient is Allah as a disposer of affairs. Undoubtedly, Tawakkul brings about peace, comfort, fulfilment and a sense relinquishment of ones affairs as he puts his mind at ease knowing that Allah will cater to his needs.

وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجًا ٢ وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا

“And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him. Indeed, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Allah has already set for everything a [decreed] extent.” (Surat At-Talaq Verses 2-3)

Sufficient is Allah to protect you from every harm. If you fear you are being taunted by the shaytaan – put your mind at ease whilst, knowing your lord has said:

إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُ سُلْطَانٌ عَلَى الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ

“Indeed, there is for him (Shaytaan) no authority over those who have believed and rely upon their Lord.” (Surat An-Nahl Verse 99)

If you fear being overpowered by an enemy, relax your mind whilst, contemplating upon your lords statement:

الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ ١٧٣ فَانْقَلَبُوا بِنِعْمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَفَضْلٍ لَمْ يَمْسَسْهُمْ سُوءٌ وَاتَّبَعُوا رِضْوَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَظِيمٍ 174 إِنَّمَا ذَلِكُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ يُخَوِّفُ أَوْلِيَاءَهُ فَلَا تَخَافُوهُمْ وَخَافُونِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ

“Those to whom hypocrites said, “Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.” But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said, “Sufficient for us is Allah, and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs.” So they returned with favor from Allah and bounty, no harm having touched them. And they pursued the pleasure of Allah, and Allah is the possessor of great bounty. That is only Satan who frightens [you] of his supporters. So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are [indeed] believers.” (Surat Al-‘Imran Verses 173-175)

The secret and reality in having Tawakkul is to make the heart dependant upon Allah. Of a surety, merely taking the means to acquire ones ambition without the presence of the heart depending upon Allah will not suffice as Tawakkul. The richness the heart gains by relying Allah can be likened to the safety the child feels when in the comfort of his loving mother. If Allah is with you, who can harm you? If the love of Allah is present in your heart, then the worries and stress the world brings is blown away like the leaves in the Autumn fall. So be content ya, Abdallah and ya Amatallah – Know that happiness can only be sought through the assistance of Allah.

May Allah make you and I from the true happy ones in this Dunya and in the Aakhirah….Aameen

 
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Posted by on September 14, 2014 in Miscellaneous

 

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In Pursuit of Happiness (Part 2)

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


In the Name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The One Who Bestows His Mercy


 

The prophet SAW entered the masjid and found one of his companions present. He asked him what was the reason for his remaining in the Masjid – he replied “Worries have besotted me and debts have crippled me”. The prophet advised him to say –

اللهم إني أعوذ بك من الهم والحزن والعجز والكسل وغلبة الدين وقهر الرجال

“Allahumma Innee A’oodhubika min al-hammi wa-Hazn Wal-‘Ajzi Wal-Kasl Wa-ghalabit Ad-Dayni wa Qahri-r Rijaal”

Oh Allah, I seek refuge in you from grief, sadness, futileness and laziness. I seek refuge in you from laziness, debts and being overpowered by men

The companion said “Allah removed my worries and relieved me from my debts”.

Imagine the relief this companion must have felt after making this du’a and having it answered. Know, oh Muslim, that when you communicate with Allah – He will listen to you immediately (He is the All-Hearing – All-Seeing). Make du’a your addiction … Make du’a with conviction and wait patiently to see the wonders of your Lord. Have trust in Allah and know with confidence that he will facilitate what is best for you.

Indeed, one of the greatest reasons that leads to the settlement of the soul and its tranquillity is to be content with the decree of Allah. When you acknowledge that Allah has decreed the destiny of every organism upon this earth and that everything that has been decreed for YOU will fall upon your path and it will not miss you – you will not feel saddened nor lament over what occurs to you. Allah ‘Azza wa Jal says:

إِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ

Indeed, all things We created with predestination. (54:49)

Naturally, a person will feel bereft after experiencing loss (of either their job, close relative amongst other things), however, their mourning/sadness will not be excessive to the extent where it goes beyond normal bounds. Rather, due to the Muslims contentment and belief in the decree of Allah – he will find happiness soon again and that is because Allah loves his servant and does not want despair for him. Rather, his mercy knows no bounds!

Do you not ponder about the concept of ‘fear’? Is it not amazing that when a person fears Allah – he flees back to him .. he flees to worshipping Allah … He flees to invoke his lord in secret and in public. Contrast this to fearing someone amongst his creation – You will never find a person fleeing back to the one whom he fears rather, he will hide under every spot that separates him from that confronting this creation. This points to the magnificence of Allah. Through worshipping Allah – the Muslim attains closeness to him and feels a sense of satisfaction and relief in his life. Ergo, the statement of Allah: –

مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً ۖ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

“Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life, and We will surely give them their reward [in the Hereafter] according to the best of what they used to do” (16:97)
Imam Baghawi RHM in his tafseer quotes Hasan as interpreting “good life” as obtaining contentment in it. Ibn Katheer RHM in his tafseer states that “good life” refers to an “ambience of comfort”. Every human wants a good life but, the one who truly obtains this is the one who worships Allah.
End of Part 2
 
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Posted by on September 2, 2014 in Miscellaneous

 

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In Pursuit of Happiness

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


In the Name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The One Who Bestows His Mercy


Feelings of elation, joy, delight, tranquillity, serenity amongst may other superlatives can be described as symptoms of happiness. But, what is true happiness? A meaning that can be given to this word is as Dr Sh. Salman Al-‘Awdah mentions:

Happiness is a comprehensive term that encompasses everything that is loved by a person and that he/she is pleased with stemming from circumstances that relate to an internal and/or external nature.

Happiness of an external nature can be attributed to tangible aspects of life such as partaking in the consumption of food and drink. Whereas, happiness of an internal nature can take the form of the delight one feels in seeing a close companion and tends to be impacted within ones heart. The external form of happiness is of a transient nature whereby, the individual experiences delight for a short period whereas, the internal form of happiness is longer lasting. Therefore, a person should focus on obtaining the internal form of happiness and that is achieved by nourishing the heart.

The heart is a fragile vessel and due to its delicate nature – it is susceptible to changes in disposition. Hence, a person may feel elated at one point yet, experience an emotional breakdown very quickly. Ergo, the term ‘heartbreak‘. However, the intelligent individual focusses on building a fortress around his heart – protecting it from the dangers that lurk within its territory. Consequently, the heart remains in a state of contentment and richness that transcends to the rest of the body without experiencing the emotional fluctuation that would be encountered by a heart that is not safeguarded!

Thus, when a person is happy; their affairs become easy and distanced are those feelings relating to anxiety, grief and despair. When a person is a happy; they find themselves possessing energy to engage in commendable and praiseworthy acts. For the Muslim, in particular, this becomes one of the many reasons why he is able to worship Allah in a sublime and complete manner.

One of the greatest types of happiness is when sadness and depression is exiled from a persons life. When a person goes through such feelings – then felicity does not actualise for that person nor, does he feel settled in life but, rather, he finds himself in turmoil in every circumstance that befalls him. Thus, the prophet SAW used to make the following supplication:

اللهم إني أعوذ بك من الهم و الحزن

“Allahumma Innee A’oodhubika min Al-Hammi Wal-Huzn” – (Oh Allah, I seek refuge in you from anxiety and sorrow)

So, how else can we save ourselves from such feelings? Let us ponder upon the story of Dhun-Noon (Yunus AS). Yunus had promised his people that there shall arise a day in which they face punishment (this did not materialise) and Yunus boarded a ship whilst being angry. The shipmates said that the ship will sink due to the number of people boarded upon it and thus, they decided to cast lots to decide who shall be cast into the sea to lighten the burden on the ship. The lots drew Yunus’s name however, due to him being known for his piety and good character they decided to draw lots again. However, his name kept being drawn and thus, it was decided he shall be ousted onto the sea. As a result of him being thrown into the sea, he was swallowed by a whale and remained in its belly for a long time.

فنادى في الظلمات أن لا إله إلا أنت سبحانك إني كنت من الظالمين
And he called out within the darknesses, “There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers.”” (Surat Al-Ambiya Verse 87)
He kept on repeating this phrase – Laa Ilaaha Illaa anta subhanaka Innee Kuntu Min Adh-Dhaalimeen (There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers) and thus, Allah answered him and delivered him from the distress that befalled him.
فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْغَمِّ ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُنجِي الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
“So We responded to him and saved him from the distress. And thus do We save the believers.” (Surat Al-Ambiya Verse 88)
Can you imagine the distress experienced by someone trapped inside the belly of a whale?? Can you imagine the loneliness that one would suffer being trapped in a dark environment for a lengthy duration?? Yet, he never swayed from remembering and having hope in his lord. Thus, from the greatest of means of obtaining happiness and removing grief from ones life is to remember Allah as much as possible. In particular, the above phrase of Yunus should be repeated by the believer.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ End of Part 1 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 
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Posted by on August 27, 2014 in Miscellaneous

 

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