Bismillah Walhamdulillah Wassalaatu Wassalaam ‘ala Rasoolillah
We continue with this treatise after the initial post – Part 1 – where we mentioned some of the unauthentic narrations that exist re. Ramadan.
9) “Whosoever catches Ramadhan in Makkah and fasts and stands (in the prayer) from it in what is easy for him, Allah will write (the reward of) a thousand months of Ramadhan in other than it (Makkah). And for every day (of fasting) Allah will write for him (the reward of) freeing a slave, and for every night (of prayer) [the reward of] freeing a slave. And every day (will have the reward of the one who has) a horse which carries loads in the path of Allah. And on every day there is a good deed (written for him) and in every night there is a good deed (written for him).”
Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali stated that the chain of narration for the above statement is weak. Imam Albani categorised this hadeeth as fabricated in As-Silsalatu Ad-Da’eefah.
10) “Whenever the month of Rajab had actualised; the prophet SAW used to say “Allahumma Baarik Lanaa fee Rajaba Wa Sha’baan wa ballighnaa Ramadaan” (Oh Allah, Bless us in Rajab and Sha’ban and allow us to reach Ramadan)”.
Ibn Rajab in Al-Lataif Al-Ma’arif, Imam An-Nawawi in Al-Adhkaar and Imam Albani in Da’eef At-Targheeb have all classified this narration as weak. This is a famous du’a that is uttered by Muslims worldwide – so, it is important to clarify a few matters. The meaning of the narration is correct, in the sense, that it is acceptable and praiseworthy for a Muslim to make such a beautiful supplication. However, we cannot attribute this to be a saying from the Prophet SAW as the narration is weak. Making a supplication to Allah to be granted the ability to reach Ramadan is commendable. Al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali states in Lata’if Al-Ma’aarif:
“Ma’la Bin Al-Fadl said “They (the pious predecessors) use to make du’a to Allah 6 months before the advent of Ramadan asking him to allow them to reach Ramadan and they used to make du’a for 6 months afterwards asking Allah to accept (their efforts in Ramadan) from them”.
He also quotes Yahya Bin Katheer who said “They used to invoke Allah in their du’a by asking “Oh Allah, keep me safe till Ramadan, and keep Ramadan safe for me and render my deeds acceptable during it”.
It is clear that making du’a to Allah asking him to allow us to reach Ramadan is a practice of the earlier generation and therefore, is something recommended for the Muslim to do.
11) “Rajab is Allah’s month, Sha’baan is my month and Ramadan is my nations month….”
This narration has been classified as fabricated by Ibn-l Jawzi in Al-Mawdoo’aat, Ibn Hajr in Tabyeen Al-‘Ujb, Ash-Shawkani in Fawaid Al-Majmoo’ah, Adh-Dhahabi in Tarikh Al-Islam and Ibn-l Qayyim in Al-Manaar Al-Muneef.
12) “Whosoever breaks the fast of the fasting person (by giving him food) in Ramadhan from lawful earnings, the Angels send prayers upon him during all of the nights of Ramadhan and (the Angel) Jibreel shakes hands with him on Laylat-l Qadr.. And whomsoever Jibreel shakes hands with, his heart becomes tender and his tears become many.” A man said: ‘O’ Messenger of Allah, and if he (the person) doesn’t have that with him (to feed the person with)?’ He said: “(Then even) a handful of food.” He (the man) said: ‘What do you think about the one who doesn’t (even) have a morsel of bread.” He said: “Then (even) a sip of milk mixed with water.” He (the man) said: ‘What do you think about the one who doesn’t (even) have that with him?’ He said: “Then (even) a sip of water.”
Ibn Hibban in Al-Majrooheen said that this narration has no basis. It has been branded as ‘not authentic’ by Ibn-l Qayyim and Sheikh Albani has stated that this narration is very weak.
However, there are still virtues of feeding a fasting person at the time of iftar as alluded to by the following authentic hadeeth:
It was narrated that Zayd ibn Khaalid al-Juhani said: “The Messenger of Allah SAW said: “Whoever gives iftaar to one who is fasting will have a reward like his, without that detracting from the reward of the fasting person in the slightest.(Tirmidhi)”
13) “Whenever the prophet SAW used to break his fast – he would state “Bismillahi, Allahumma Laka Sumtu, Wa ‘ala Rizqika Aftartu – (in the name of Allah, Oh Allah, for you i have fasted and with your provision(s) – i break my fast”.
Imam Ash-Shawkani in Nayl Al-Awtaar, Ibn Hajr in At-talkhees Al-Habeer and Albani in Irwaa Al-Ghaleel have classified this to be weak. There are other additional statements found in other narrations to the aforementioned du’a such as the following prefixes “Wa bika aamantu wa ‘alayka Tawakaltu – And in you i believe and upon you i place my trust” – However, this is not authentically attributed to the prophet SAW. Mulla ‘Ali Al-Qari stated that despite, the meaning being correct – these additions have no basis.
14) “Whenever the prophet SAW used to break his fast – he would state “Allahumma Laka Sumtu, Wa ‘ala Rizqika Aftartu , fataqabbal Minnee Innaka Anta As-Samee’ Al-‘Aleem- (Oh Allah, for you i have fasted and with your provision(s) – i break my fast, so, accept it from me; Indeed, you are the all-hearing, all-knowing).
Ibn-l Qayyim in Zaad Al-Ma’aad stated that this narration is not established. Ibn Hajr Al-‘Athqalani in Al-futoohaat Ar-Rabaaniyah said that it’s chain of narration is very weak. Sheikh Albani has also classified this narration to be weak. However, an important note is that some scholars have classified the following du’a at the time of breaking fast to be authentic:
“Dhahaba Adh-Dhama’, Wabtallatil ‘Urooq, Wa-thabathal Ajru InshaAllah – (The thirst has gone, the veins are moist, and the reward is set, Allah willing) (Abu Dawood)
15) “The sleep of the fasting person is worship, his silence if tasbeeh (glorification), his deeds are multiplied (in terms of reward), his supplications are answered and his sins are forgiven”.
Imam Al-‘Ajlooni has classified this narration to be weak in Kashf Al-Khifaa and Hafidh Al-‘Iraqi has weakened this in Takhreej Al-Ihyaa. However, one must realise that there are elements of the above narration to be true as established by authentic evidences. The fasting persons actions are indeed multiplied upto 700 times as mentioned above. Likewise, the supplication of a fasting person is not rejected and as mentioned in the hadeeth of Abu Hureirah – fasting is an expiation of sins. However, as for the reference about the sleep of a fasting person and his silence – then this has no basis in the authentic sources.
16) “The day of your fast is the day of Nahr”
The meaning of the above is that the first day of Ramadan is like the day of ‘Eid Al-Adha (where a sacrifice is made). Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal said that such a narration has no basis within the Islamic sources. Ibn Taymiyyah said:
“Nothing of this sort has been narrated in the books of Islam nor, has any ‘Aalim narrated this”
Ibn-l Qayyim has classified this narration to be Baatil (false/void) in Al-Manaar Al-Muneef. Al-‘Iraqi, As-Sakhawi, Az-Zarkashi, As-Suyooti, Al-‘Ajlooni and Albani have said that there is no basis for this narration. Imam An-Nawawi stated that this narration is Munkar (denounced).
17) “Whoever breaks a fast during Ramadan without a valid concession nor because of sickness – he would never be able to make up for it – even if he was to fast his whole life”
The above has been weakened by Imam Daraqutni and Imam Albani. The same sentiments has been echoed by Sheikh Ibn Baz. However, just because this narration is weak it doesn’t mean that the person who breaks his fast intentionally is not without sin! Rather, leaving off fasting intentionally in the month of Ramadan is from the major sins of Islam –
Abu Umaamah al-Baahili RA who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah SAW say: “Whilst I was sleeping two men came to me and took my by the arm and brought me to a cragged mountain. They said, ‘Climb up.’ I said, ‘I cannot.’ They said, ‘We will make it easy for you.’ So I climbed up until I was at the top of the mountain. Then I heard loud voices. I said, ‘What are these voices?’ They said, ‘This is the howling of the people of Hell.” Then I was taken until I saw people hanging by their hamstrings, with the sides of their mouths torn and blood pouring from their mouths.’ I said, ‘Who are these?’ He said, ‘These are people who broke their fast before it was time” (Nisa’i, Ibn Khuzaymah, Ibn Hibban, Al-Haakim, Bayhaqi).
Al-Albani (may Allah have mercy on him) said: This is the punishment of those who fasted then broke the fast deliberately before the time for breaking the fast came, so what about those who do not fast at all? We ask Allah to keep us safe and sound in this world and in the Hereafter.
Adh-Dhahabi RHM states in his work – Al-Kaba’ir *major sins* – “The 6th Major sin is breaking off the fast in Ramadan without a valid excuse”. In the same book -he also stated that the established believers viewed “Whoever abandons fasting in Ramadan without the excuse of sickness nor, any concession (granted to them by the Sharee’ah) is more evil than the thief (or anyone who takes property without due right), the adulterer and the drunkard. Indeed, they doubted his Islam and thought this was heresy”.
May Allah grant us the tawfeeq to fast during this month of Ramadan and obtain nearness to him, subhanahu wa ta’ala.